Indian Ocean Power Competition

Indian Ocean Conference (IOC)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Indian Ocean Conference (IOC)

Mains level: Not Much


Central Idea: The sixth edition of the International Indian Ocean Conference is scheduled to take place in Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, starting from May 12. (Note: This should not be confused with Indian Ocean Commission.)

Indian Ocean Conference (IOC), 2023

  • The IOC has been held annually since 2016 and has become a key platform for regional countries to discuss regional affairs.
  • It focuses on fostering regional cooperation for Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR), bringing together critical states and maritime partners in the region.


  • The theme of this year’s conference is “Peace, Prosperity, and Partnership for a Resilient Future,” focusing on the post-Covid situation and the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war.


  • The conference primarily targets coastal countries of the Indian Ocean but has expanded its scope to discuss important and relevant issues in the changing global context.
  • Dignitaries attending the conference include the President of Mauritius, Vice President of Maldives, and the Indian External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar.
  • Foreign Ministers from Bhutan, Nepal, Bahrain, and Singapore, along with ministerial representatives from Seychelles, Sri Lanka, and Madagascar, will also participate.
  • Around 150 foreign guests, including representatives from D8, SAARC, and BIMSTEC, are expected to attend.


  • The conference is being organized by the India Foundation in collaboration with the Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Significance of the Indian Ocean Conference (IOC)

  • The conference aims to strengthen partnerships with Indian Ocean countries, enhance regional political engagement, and facilitate decision-making in crisis situations.
  • It provides an opportunity for participating countries to discuss ongoing global events and make informed decisions for future actions.



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