Medical Education Governance in India

National Medical Commission

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : National Medical Commission

Mains level : Not Much

The National Medical Commission (NMC) has replaced the Medical Council of India (BoG-MCI), as per information released by the Health Ministry.

National Medical Commission

  • National Medical Commission (NMC) is an Indian regulatory body of 33 members which regulates medical education and medical professionals.
  • It replaced the Medical Council of India (MCI) on 25 September 2020.
  • The Commission grants recognition of medical qualifications, gives accreditation to medical schools, grants registration to medical practitioners, and monitors medical practice and assess the medical infrastructure in India.
  • The NMC will have four separate autonomous boards: under-graduate medical education, post-graduate medical education, medical assessment and rating and ethics and medical registration.

It’s legal backing

  • The NITI Aayog had recommended the replacement of MCI with NMC.
  • The decision was approved by most states and after its approval by the Prime Minister and NMC bill was passed by parliament and approved by President on 8 August 2019.
  • National Medical Commission ordinance was brought in to replace Medical Council of India in early 2019 through an ordinance issued in January 2019 by the President of India.
  • The Supreme Court had allowed the Central Government to replace the medical council and with the help of five specialized doctors monitor the medical education system in India, from July 2017.
  • The government dissolved the MCI in 2018 and Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 (102 of 1956) stands repealed.
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