Judicial Pendency

[pib] Fast Track Special Courts

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Fast Track Special Courts

Mains level : Resolving judicial pendency

The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of 1023 Fast Track Special Court (FTSCs) including 389 exclusive POCSO Courts for two more years.

Fast Track Special Courts

  • Fast Track Special Courts are dedicated courts expected to ensure swift dispensation of justice.
  • They have a better clearance rate as compared to the regular courts and hold speedy trials.
  • Besides providing quick justice to the hapless victims, it strengthens the deterrence framework for sexual offenders.
  • Central Share is to be funded from Nirbhaya Fund. The Scheme was launched on 02.10.2019.
  • To bring more stringent provisions and expeditious trial and disposal of such cases, the Central Government enacted “The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018”.
  • It made provision of stringent punishment including the death penalty for perpetrators of rape.
  • This led to the establishment of the Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs).

 Note: Article 247 gives power to Parliament to establish certain additional courts for the better administration of laws made by it or of any existing laws with respect to a matter enumerated in the Union List.

Benefits offered by fast track courts

  • Further the commitment of the Nation to champion the cause of safety and security of women and girl child.
  • Reduce the number of pending cases of Rape & POCSO Act.
  • Provide speedy access to justice to the victims of sexual crimes and act as a deterrent for sexual offenders.
  • Fastracking of these cases will declog the judicial system of the burden of case pendency.
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