Food Safety Standards – FSSAI, food fortification, etc.

Tamil Nadu tops State Food Safety Index (SFSI)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: State Food Safety Index (SFSI)

Mains level: Food safety

Tamil Nadu topped the State Food Safety Index (SFSI) this year.

Food safety has been in news this year quite frequent. Do make a note of following – Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA), Red Octagon, Eat Right Movement, Food Safety Mitra etc.

State Food Safety Index (SFSI)

  • FSSAI has developed State Food Safety Index to measure the performance of states on various parameters of Food Safety.
  • This index is based on the performance of State/ UT on five significant parameters set by the Health Ministry, namely
  1. Human Resources and Institutional Data
  2. Compliance
  3. Food Testing – Infrastructure and Surveillance
  4. Training & Capacity Building and
  5. Consumer Empowerment
  • The Index is a dynamic quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model that provides an objective framework for evaluating food safety across all States/UTs.

Highlights of the 2022 Report

  • Tamil Nadu is followed by Gujarat and Maharashtra. Among the smaller States, Goa stood first, followed by Manipur and Sikkim.
  • Among the Union Territories, Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi and Chandigarh secured the first, second and third ranks.

Back2Basics: Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

  • The FSSAI is an autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
  • It has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India.
  • It is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.
  • It is headed by a non-executive Chairperson, appointed by the Central Government, either holding or has held the position of not below the rank of Secretary to the Government of India.


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