Labour, Jobs and Employment – Harmonization of labour laws, gender gap, unemployment, etc.

What are ‘Green Jobs’, mentioned by PM in his Environment Day speech?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Green Jobs

Mains level : Green Economy

At an event to mark World Environment Day recently, PM mentioned India’s efforts to create ‘green jobs’.

What are ‘Green Jobs’?

  • ‘Green jobs’ refer to a class of jobs that directly have a positive impact on the planet, and contribute to the overall environmental welfare.
  • Jobs involving renewable energy, conservation of resources, ensuring energy efficient means are categorised under the same.
  • In all, they are aimed at reducing the negative environmental impact of economic sectors and furthering the process of creating a low-carbon economy.
  • The idea behind a low-carbon economy or decarbonisation is fairly simple — it is about maintaining a sustainable economy.

India and ‘green jobs’

  • The Skill Council for Green Jobs was launched by the Union government on October 1, 2015.
  • Aligned to the National Skill Development Missions, it was set up to be a not-for-profit, independent, industry-led initiative.

Why need Green Jobs?

  • The UNEP’s 2019 Emissions Gap report dictates that it is essential for greenhouse gas emissions to reduce by 7.6% per annum between the years 2020 to 2030.
  • This is necessary to reach the target that was set during the Paris Agreement.
  • Failing to meet the same would consequently result in a failure to effectively combat global warming.
  • Consequently, a decarbonized economy plays a key role in ensuring a greener, safer, healthier and more sustainable planet to inhabit.

Way forward

  • According to the ILO, India moving to a green economy by the next decade would alone create about 3 million jobs in the renewable energy sector.
  • The renewable energy sector created about 47,000 new jobs in 2017 accounting for a 12% increase in just the span of a year.
  • For India ‘green jobs’ can prove immensely useful to the country with sectors like renewable energy, waste management, green transport and urban farming.
  • An integrated, systematic approach is crucial to ensuring this.


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