From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Korean Armstice Agreement
Mains level : Korean Armstice Agreement
A United Nations investigation into a recent exchange of gunfire between North Korea and South Korea inside the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) has determined that both countries violated the armistice that ended the 1950-53 Korean War.
Practice question for mains:
Q. What is the Korean Armstice Agreement? Discuss the concept of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)?
The Korean Armstice Agreement
- The Korean Armstice Agreement signed on 27 July 1953 is the armistice that brought about a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War.
- It was not the end of a war, but only a cessation of hostilities in an attempt to negotiate a lasting peace.
- Military commanders from China and North Korea signed the agreement on one side, with the US-led United Nations Command signing on behalf of the international community.
What is the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)?
- The DMZ marks where the 1950-53 Korean War — when China and North Korea battled UN forces led by the United States — ended with an armistice, not a treaty.
- It is a 2 km-wide buffer, stretching coast to coast across the peninsula, lined by both sides with razor wire, heavy armaments and tank traps.
- It is 60 km from Seoul and 210 km from the North Korean capital of Pyongyang. Inside the DMZ is a Joint Security Area (JSA).
- The so-called ‘peace village’ of Panmunjom, where the armistice that halted the Korean War was signed in 1953, is located in the 800-metre-wide and 400-metre-long JSA zone.
- A Military Demarcation Line (MDL) marks the boundary between the two Koreas.
Why it is significant?
- Vast stretches of the DMZ have been no man’s land for more than 60 years, where wildlife has flourished undisturbed.
- Last year, US President Donald Trump met with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at the demilitarized zone separating the two Koreas, in Panmunjom.