[Prelims Spotlight] Law Commission of India, ‘Kayakalp’ initiative, Samiti

Here are 2 Back2Basics collections from today’s news items

B2B #1: From news- Reviewing the Contempt of Courts Act

Law Commission of India

  1. It is an executive body established by an order of the Government of India. First law commission of independent India was established post the Independence in 1955
  2. Composition: Chairman, 1 Permanent Member, 1 Member Secretary, 2 Part-time Members, 2 ex-officio
    members. (21 st Law Commission Chairman: Justice BN Chauhan)
  3. Tenure: 3 Years
  4. Function: Advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice for “Legal Reforms in India”
  5. Recommendations: NOT binding
  6. First Law Commission was established during the British Raj in 1834 by the Charter Act of 1833
  7. Chairman: Macaulay
  8. Recommended for the Codifications of the IPC, CrPC etc.


B2B #2: From news- Health ministry to name hospitals which do not perform under Kayakalp initiative

‘Kayakalp’ initiative

  1. ‘Kayakalp’ programme was launched by the health ministry following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call to the people of India to realise Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of “Swachh Bharat” (Clean India)
  2. It is an initiative for awarding public health facilities
  3. It aims to incentivise such facilities that show exemplary performance in adhering to standard protocols of cleanliness and infection control as well as inculcate a culture of ongoing assessment and peer review of performance related to hygiene, cleanliness and sanitation
  4. It was launched in May 2015

As a part of revision for Prelims 2018, Here’s a Factoid to brush up your concepts

Key words related to History : Samiti

Dynasty/era : Vedic period

Meaning : The references to samiti come from the latest books of the Rig-Veda showing that it assumed importance only towards the end of the Rig-Vedic period. Samiti was a folk assembly in which people of the tribe gathered for transacting tribal business. It discussed philosophical issues and was concerned with religious ceremonies and prayers. References suggest that the Rajan was elected and re-elected by the Samiti.

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