UPSC CSE Prelims 2015 – Polity Solutions

  1. Consider the following Statements regarding the DPSP/ Directive Principles of State Policy:
    1. The Principles spell out the socio-economic democracy in the country
    2. The provisions contained in these Principles are not enforceable by any court.

Which of the statements given below are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 & 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


 

  1. Consider the following statements :
    1. The Rajya Sabha has no power either to reject or to amend a Money Bill
    2. The Rajya Sabha cannot vote on the Demands for Grants.
    3. The Rajya Sabha cannot discuss the Annual Financial Statement.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Article 112 President causes the Annual Financial Statement to be put before both the Houses of the Parliament so it means Rajya Sabha can discuss it. Voting on Demands for Grants is prerogative of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha cannot reject or amend a Money Bill.


 

  1. When a bill is referred to a joint sitting both the Houses of the Parliament, has to be passed by

(a) a simple majority of member present and voting
(b) three-fourths majority of member present and voting
(c) two-thirds majority of the House
(d) absolute majority of the House


 

  1. Consider the following statements:
    1. The Executive Power of the union of India is vested in the Prime Minister.
    2. The Prime Minister is the ex officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Executive power of the Union Vested in the President. And the Chairman of Civil Services Board is the Cabinet Sec.


 

  1. The provisions in the Fifth Schedule and Sixth Schedule in the Constitution of India are made in order to

(a) protect the interests of Scheduled Tribes

(b) determine the boundaries between states

(c) determine the powers, authorities, and responsibilities
of Panchayats

(d) protect the interests of all the border States


 

  1. With reference to the Union Government consider the following
    statements.

    1. The Department of Revenue is responsible for the preparation
      of Union Budget that is presented to the parliament
    2. No amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India
      without the authorization of Parliament of India.
    3. All the disbursements made from Public Account also need the Authorization from the Parliament of India

Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2, and 3

Department of Economic Affairs prepares the Budget.

Provident Fund deposits, savings bank deposits, remittances etc are credited to the Public Account and this account is operated by the executive action i.e. payment from this account can be made without Parliamentary appropriation.


 

  1. Who/Which of the following is the Custodian of the Constitution of India?

(a) The President of India

(b) The Prime Minister of India

(c) The Lok Sabha Secretariat

(d) The Supreme Court of India

A confusion of sorts seems to been created due to the following article. But all said and done, the Custodian of the Constitution is the Supreme Court.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/chandigarh/to-work-as-custodian-of-constitution-pranab/article1-889619.aspx

Any other explanation?


 

  1. Consider the following statements:
    1. The Legislative Council of a state in India can be larger in size than half of the Legislative Assembly of that particular state.
    2. The Governor of a state nominates the Chairman of Legislative Council of that particular state.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Maximum size of the Council can be 1/3rd of the size of the Assembly. Chairman is chosen from amongst themselves by the members


 

  1. “To uphold and protect the Sovereignty Unity and Integrity of India” is a provision made in the

(a) Preamble of the Constitute

(b) Directive Principles of State Policy

(c) Fundamental Rights

(d) Fundamental Duties

Article 51A(c)


 

  1. The fundamental object of Panchayati Raj system is to ensure which among the following?
    1. People’s participation in development
    2. Political accountability
    3. Democratic decentralization
    4. Financial mobilization

Select the correct answer using the code given below

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

This one is open to debate. But the most appropriate seems to be option (c)


 

  1. The ideal of “Welfare State” in the Indian Constitution is enshrined in its

(a) Preamble

(b) Directive Principles of State Policy

(c) Fundamental Rights

(d) Seventh Schedule


 

  1. There is a Parliamentary System of Government in India because the

(a) Lok Sabha is elected directly by the people

(b) Parliament can amend the constitution

(c) Rajya Sabha cannot be dissolved

(d) Council of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha

Collective Responsibility of the Ministers to the Parliament in general and Lok Sabha in particular is the bedrock principle of the Parliamentary system. (Article 75)

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