Author: Arun Muradnar

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October 2017
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Disaster Management Disaster Management

Let’s get aware of Sendai Framework?

  1. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030.
  2. It adopted in Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan in 2015.
  3. Involves adopting integrated and inclusive institutional measures, in preventing vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for response and recovery and strengthen resilience.
  4. It is non-binding agreement, recognizes that State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk with shared responsibility.
  5. This is the successor instrument to Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.
Mission Clean Ganga Conservation & Mitigation

Learn about Namami Gange Programme?

  1. Context: Union government approved “Namami Gange” Program in May 2015
  2. Focus: On pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation / appropriate in-situ treatment
  3. Objectives: It integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner
  4. To involve people living on the banks of the river to attain sustainable results
  5. To involve the States and grassroots level institutions such as Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj Institutions in implementation
  6. Implementation by: the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and State Program Management Groups (SPMGs)
ISRO Missions and Discoveries Space Technology

Let’s know more about PSLV

PSLV is capable of launching 1600 kg satellites in 620 km sun-synchronous polar orbit and 1050 kg satellite in geosynchronous transfer orbit.

  1. PSLV has 4 stages using solid and liquid propulsion systems alternately.
  2. The first stage is one of the largest solid propellant boosters in the world and carries 139 tonnes of propellant.
  3. So far, PSLV has launched 87 satellites.
  4. There are currently 3 operational versions of the PSLV —
  • Standard (PSLV)
  • Core-alone (PSLV-CA) without the six strap-on booster motors
  • PSLV-XL version, which carries more solid fuel in its strap-on motors than the standard version
Bharat Emission Standards: Issues & Developments Conservation & Mitigation

What are Bharat Stage emission standards?

  1. This are emission standards instituted by the GoI to regulate the output of air pollutants from internal combustion engine equipment, including motor vehicles.
  2. The standards and the timeline for implementation are set by Central Pollution Control Board under the Ministry of Environment & Forests and climate change.
  3. The standards, based on European regulations were first introduced in 2000.
  4. Since October 2010, Bharat stage III (BS-III) norms have been enforced across the country.
  5. In 30 major cities, Bharat stage IV (BS-IV) norms have been in place since April 2010.
El Niño: A Global Weather Phenomenon Climate Change

What is El-Nino?

El_Nino


  1. Definition: El Nino is defined by prolonged warming in the Pacific Ocean sea surface temperatures when compared with the average value
  2. The U.S NOAA definition: a 3-month average warming of at least 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) in a specific area of the east-central tropical Pacific Ocean
  3. Ocean water: It is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific, including off the Pacific coast of South America
  4. Pressure: El Niño is accompanied by high air pressure in the western Pacific and low air pressure in the eastern Pacific.
  5. Why called El-Nino? In Spanish, the capitalized term “El Nino” refers to the Child Jesus, so named because the pool of warm water in the Pacific near South America is often at its warmest around Christmas
  6. Teleconnections: El Nino can significantly influence weather patterns, ocean conditions, and marine fisheries across large portions of the globe for an extended period of time
El Niño: A Global Weather Phenomenon Climate Change

Learn about El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO)

  1. What? a naturally occurring phenomenon that involves fluctuating ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific.
  2. It is irregularly periodic.
  3. The warmer waters essentially oscillate back and forth across the Pacific, much like water in a bath tub
  4. Fluctuates between two states: warmer than normal central and eastern equatorial Pacific SSTs (El Niño) and cooler than normal central and eastern equatorial Pacific SSTs (La Niña)
  5. Sea surface temperatures (SSTs): often used to identify this oscillation
  6. For North America and much of the globe, the phenomenon is known as a dominant force causing variations in regional climate patterns.
  7. Walker circulation: The two phases relate to the Walker circulation, discovered by Gilbert Walker during the early twentieth century
Aadhaar Cards: The Identity Revolution Governance

Learn about Aadhaar Act, 2016

  1. Context: Legislation to provide statutory backing to Aadhaar is listed for introduction in Lok Sabha
  2. Type: Money Bill
  3. Name: The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016
  4. Provides for: Good governance, efficient, transparent, and targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services to individuals residing in India through assigning of unique identity numbers to such individuals
  5. Expenditure: for these is incurred from the Consolidated Fund of India
  6. Privacy concerns: will be adequately addressed; these have been one of the biggest stumbling blocks to the universal acceptance of Aadhaar
Trans Pacific Partnership: Latest updates and developments Global Groupings

Let’s know about Trans-Pacific Partnership?

  1. The TPP is headed by the US and includes Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam.
  2. It would set new terms for trade and business investment among the United States and 11 other Pacific Rim nations.
  3. It would phase out thousands of import tariffs as well as other barriers to international trade.
  4. In this regard, the External Affairs Ministry would soon do a study in the context of TPP and inform the government what the priorities should be in terms of policy-making.
  5. In the meantime, the Indian government will have to consider improving the country’s standards in areas such as labour laws by holding stakeholder consultations.
Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Regional Groupings

What is Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership?

RCEP, a regional economic pact, aims to cover trade in goods and services, investment, economic and technical cooperation, competition and intellectual property

  1. It’s a proposed FTA between the 10 member states of the ASEAN and the six states with which ASEAN has existing FTAs (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand)
  2. RCEP negotiations were formally launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit
  3. It is viewed as an alternative to the TPP trade agreement, which includes the US but excludes China and India
  4. Under the RCEP, India has offered tariff elimination of 42.5% to Australia, while that country has offered zero tariff on 80% of its traded goods
  5. India’s interests lie mostly in services, the removal of technical barriers to trade
  6. The barriers are those taken under sanitary and phytosanitary measures

Let’s know about Competition Commission of India ?

  1. Statutory body established under The Competition Act of 2002.
  2. It was established in 2003 and became fully functional in 2009.
  3. To eliminate practices that adversely affect competition in different industries and protect interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade.
  4. Its predecessor was the MRTPC (Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission) was functional prior to 1991 economic reforms.
AIIB & The Changing World Order Global Groupings

Let’s know more about AIIB?

  1. Aimed at providing financial support for infrastructure development and regional connectivity in Asia
  2. It was founded in October, 2014, and will have its headquarters in Beijing.
  3. To boost economic development in the region, create wealth, prove infrastructure, and promote regional cooperation and partnership.
  4. The value of AIIB’s authorized capital amounts to $100 billion, with almost $30 billion invested by China.
  5. It has 57 member states.
Security issues – Internal & External

Let’s know about NCRB?

  1. National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is an Indian government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data.
  2. NCRB is headquartered in New Delhi and is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), since 1986.
  3. Aims to create, maintain and disseminate a secure national database on crime and criminals for law enforcement agencies and promote its use for improving public service delivery.
Masala Bonds Finance and Banking

Learn more about Masala bonds

  1. What is it? Basically, overseas rupee bonds are known as Masala bonds
  2. Background: Indian firms have earlier raised money abroad through bonds and other forms of borrowings, but always in foreign currency
  3. Relevance: First overseas rupee bonds were issued in 2013 by the International Finance Corporation, the World Bank’s private sector investment arm
  4. What are benefits to Indian companies? If the issuer, issues bonds in rupees, then he gets rid of this risk (currency fluctuation) which passes on to the investor
  5. This bond brings a new and diversified set of investors for Indian companies, and more liquidity in foreign exchanges, apart from bank funding and the corporate bond market in India
Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Regional Groupings

Let’s know about RCEP ?

From India’s point of view, the RCEP presents a decisive platform which could influence its strategic and economic status in the Asia-Pacific region and bring to fruition its “Act East Policy.”

  1. RCEP is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between ASEAN and the 6 states with which ASEAN has existing FTAs (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand).
  2. RCEP negotiations were formally launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia.
  3. RCEP includes more than 3 billion people, has a combined GDP of about $17 trillion, and accounts for about 40 percent of world trade.
Foreign Policy Watch: India-United States India Beyond its Neighbours

What is the Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI)?

  1. The DTTI is not a treaty or a law. 
  2. It is a flexible mechanism to ensure that senior leaders from US and India, are persistently focused on the opportunities and challenges associated with growing defense partnership.
  3. It aims to strengthen India-US cooperative research, co-production, and co-development of capabilities needed for the sustainment and modernization of our military forces.
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