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Important World Reports & their Organisations | Important for IAS Prelims



Recently, UPSC has been asking questions on reports published by various international organisations. It is very important to look for reports where India’s performance is less than satisfactory or where the gains have been marginal on an year on year basis.

Here is a list of a few IAS Prelims questions before we deep dive into some of the very important reports, their issuing agencies and their modern day relevance.

Prelims 2014:

Question: Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘World Economic Outlook’?

(a) The International Monetary Fund
(b) The United Nations Development Programme
(c) The World Economic Forum
(d) The World Bank

Answer: (a)

Prelims 2015:

Question: Which one of the following issues the ‘Global Economic Prospects’ report periodically?

(a) The Asian Development Bank
(b) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
(c) The US Federal Reserve Bank
(d) The World Bank

Answer: (d)

Prelims 2016:

Question:Which of the following is/ are the indicator/ indicators used by IFPRI to compute the Global Hunger Index Report?

  1. Undernourishment
  2. Child stunting
  3. Child Mortality

Select the correct answer using the code given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1,2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3 only

Answer: C

Question: India’s ranking in ease of doing Business Index’ is sometimes seen in the news. Which of the following have declared that ranking?

  1. Organization of Economic Cooperation and development (OECD)
  2. World Economic Forum
  3. World Bank
  4. World trade Organization (WTO)

Answer: C

Question: ‘Global Financial Stability Report’ is prepared by the

  1. European Central Bank
  2. International Monetary Fund
  3. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  4. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Answer: B


Here is a list of important indexes and reports published by various international organisations for quick revision.

Economics

Global Economy

Report name – Asian Development Outlook

Issuing agency – Asian Development Bank

Latest in News – Asian Development Bank in Asian Development Outlook 2016 has lowered India’s growth forecast to 7.4 per cent from an earlier estimate of 7.6 per cent for the financial year ending March 31, 2017.

 

Report name – World Economic Outlook

Issuing agency – International Monetary Fund

Latest in News – According to World Economic Outlook October 2016, global growth is projected to slow to 3.1 percent in 2016 before recovering to 3.4 percent in 2017.

 

Report name – Global Economic Prospects

Issuing agency – World Bank

Latest in news – The World Bank revised its 2016 global economic growth forecast down to 2.4 percent from the 2.9 percent pace projected in January. The move is due to sluggish growth in advanced economies, stubbornly low commodity prices, weak global trade, and diminishing capital flows.

 

Development

Report name – World Development Report

Issuing agency – IBRD (World Bank)

Latest in newsAccording to World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends, digital technologies have spread rapidly in much of the world. But, digital dividends—that is, the broader development benefits from using these technologies—have lagged behind.

 

Report name – Ease of Doing Business

Issuing agency – IBRD (World Bank)

Latest in news – India has moved one rank up to the 130th position in the World Bank’s ‘ease of doing business’ ranking for 2017. This marginal improvement came on the back of slight improvement in four indicators — getting electricity, enforcing contracts, trading across borders and registering property. To read in detail about the Ease of Business ranking, click here.

 

Report name – Industrial Development Report

Issuing agency – UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization)

Latest in news – Theme of Industrial Development Report 2016: The Role of Technology and Innovation in Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development

           

Report name – World Investment Report

Issuing agency – UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)

Latest in news – According to the World Investment Report 2016, India has retained its ranking as the 10th highest recipient of foreign direct investment in 2015, receiving $44 billion of investment that year compared to $35 billion in 2014. India also jumped a place in terms of attractiveness as a business destination in 2015, to 6th place, with 14% of the respondents naming it as their destination of choice.

 

Report name – Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report

Issuing agency – WEF (World Economic Forum)

Latest in news – India ranks 52 in the World Economic Forum’s 2015 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index .The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report ranks 141 countries across 14 separate dimensions, revealing how well countries could deliver sustainable economic and societal benefits through their travel and tourism sector.

 

Report Name – World Cities Report

Issuing Agency – UN-Habitat

 

Index name – Logistics Performance Index

Issuing agency – World Bank

Latest in news – The 2016 Logistics Performance Index (LPI) allows for comparisons across 160 countries. India’s ranking jumped from 54 in 2014 to 35 in 2016. India is ahead of comparatively advanced economies like Portugal and New Zealand.

 

Global Financial System

Report name – Global Financial Stability Report

Issuing agency – International Monetary Fund

Latest in news – According to the October 2016 report, the transmission of monetary policy is stronger in economies with larger nonbank financial sectors.

 

Report name – Global Financial System Report

Issuing agency – BIS (Bank for International Settlements)

 

Report name – Global Money Laundering Report

Issuing agency – FATF (Financial Action Task Force)

Environment

Report name – India State of Forest Report

Issuing agency – Forest Survey of India

Latest in news – The India State of Forest Report released in Dec 2015 showed an increase in India’s forest and tree cover. Click here to read more.

 

Report name – Actions on Air Quality

Issuing agency – UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)

Latest in news – As per the 2016 report, with the decline of the global air quality, action in some air quality areas points to political will to tackle this global public health emergency although current efforts still fall short.

 

Report name – Global Environment Outlook

Issuing agency – UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)

Latest in news – According to the ‘Global Environmental Outlook (GEO-6): Regional Assessments’, worst impacts of climate change will occur in pacific, south and south-east Asia. By 2050, around 40 million people of India may get affected due rising sea levels, storms, and cyclone. It will affect India, China, Bangladesh coastal regions.

 

Report name – The Rise of Environmental Crime

Issuing agency – UNEP & INTERPOL

Latest in news – The 2016 report revealed that environmental crime grew up by 26 % larger than previous estimates of 2014. Environmental crime is the world’s 4th largest criminal enterprise after drug smuggling, counterfeiting and human trafficking. Environmental Crime includes the illegal trade in wildlife, corporate crime in the forestry sector, the illegal exploitation and sale of gold and other minerals, illegal fisheries, the trafficking of hazardous waste and carbon credit fraud.

 

Report name – Global Assessment Report

Issuing agency – UNISDR (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction)

Latest in news – According to the 2015 report, average annual loss (AAL) from multi-hazard disasters in India is to the tune of $9.8 billion per year as 58.6 per cent of its land is prone to earthquakes and 8.5 per cent vulnerable to cyclone.

 

Report name – The Living Planet Report

Issuing agency – WWF (World Wildlife Fund)

Latest in news – With wildlife disappearing at an “unprecedented” pace across the world, the Living Planet Report 2016 identifies India as an ecological black spot where around half of the wildlife lives in the danger of being wiped out. The report highlights the pressure on water and land India faces because of unsustainable human activities. Around 70% of surface water is polluted and 60% of ground water will reach critical stage — where it cannot be replenished — in the next one decade,

Technology and Energy Security

Report name – Technical Cooperation Report

Issuing agency – IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)

 

Report name – Nuclear Technology Review

Issuing agency – IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)

 

Report name – Safety Reports

Issuing agency – ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization)

Latest in news – No safety concerns were raised by United Nations watchdog, International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), during its recent safety audit of India’s aviation standards. Indian compliance rates as regards quality control, regulatory framework and in-flight, passenger and cargo security were assessed to be 99.25 per cent against a world average of about 66 per cent.

 

Report name – Global Innovation Index

Issuing agency – Cornell University INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Latest in news – India scored a major improvement in its Global Innovation Index ranking this year, moving up to the 66th place from 81 in 2015. India’s better performance in the latest index readings was due to its strengths in tertiary education, software exports, corporate R&D and market sophistication. Click here to read more.

 

Report name – World Energy Outlook (WEO)

Issuing agency – International Energy Agency

Latest in news – The World Energy Outlook 2015 (WEO-2015), in light of low energy prices, calls for no complacency on energy security front and sees clear signs that the energy transition is underway, that is, from fossils to renewable. India, which will move to the centre stage of global energy, is the subject of an in-depth focus in WEO-2015.

 

Report name – Southeast Asia Energy Outlook

Issuing agency – International Energy Agency

 

Report name – OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report

Issuing agency – OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries )

 

Report name – World Oil Outlook

Issuing agency – OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)

Latest in news – As per the 2015 OPEC World Oil Outlook (WOO), oil and gas, combined, are expected to supply around 53 percent of the global energy demand by 2040.

 

Report name – World Intellectual Property Report (WIPR)

Issuing agency – WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization)

Latest in news – Overall, India leapt 14 places from the 85th rank last year to the 61st in the 2016 Global Innovation Index (GII). India has also been ranked the world’s top exporter of information and communication technology and the report recommends that India should leverage this lead to innovate in emerging areas where biology and materials sciences intersect with computing.

 

Report name – Global Information Technology Report

Issuing agency – WEF (World Economic Forum)

Latest in news – India ranks 91 on the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) 2016, a key component of the World Economic Forum’s The Global Information Technology Report 2016. The report assesses the state of networked readiness of 139 economies using the NRI and examines the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in driving innovation. The NRI is thus a key tool in assessing a country’s preparedness to reap the benefits of emerging technologies and capitalize on the opportunities presented by the digital transformation.

 

Report name – The Energy Report

Issuing agency – WWF (World Wildlife Fund)

 

Social development

Report name – Global Wage Report

Issuing agency – ILO (International Labour Organization)

Latest in news – The Global Wage Report 2014/15 warns of stalled wages in many countries and points to the labour market as a driver of inequality.

 

Report name – World Employment and Social Outlook

Issuing agency – ILO (International Labour Organization)

Latest in news – The World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2015 (WESO) warned that unemployment will continue to rise in the coming years, as the global economy has entered a new period combining slower growth, widening inequalities and turbulence. According to the report, by 2019, more than 212 million people will be out of work, up from the current 201 million.

 

Report name – World Social Protection Report

Issuing agency – ILO (International Labour Organization)

 

Report name – Global Hunger Index

Issuing agency – IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute)

Latest in news – India ranks 97th out of 118 countries in the According to index. Also, according to the report, two out of five children below five years of age are stunted in India. To read more on Global Hunger Index, 2016 click here.

 

Report name – World Happiness Report

Issuing agency – Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN)

Latest in news – In the World Happiness Report 2016, Denmark took the top spot as the ‘happiest country’ in the world. India is among a group of 10 countries witnessing the biggest happiness decline with a 118th rank in the index.

 

Report name – Global Corruption Report (GCR)

Issuing agency – Transparency International

Latest in news – India ranks 76th in global corruption index 2016, Denmark is least corrupt country.

 

Report name – Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report

Issuing agency – UN Inter-agency Group

Latest in news – According to the 2015 report, child (0-5 years) mortality rates (U5MR) in 2015 have plummeted to less than half of what they were in 1990.

 

Report name – The State of the World’s Children reports

Issuing agency – UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund )

Latest in news – The 2016 report states that five countries account for more than half of the global burden of under-five deaths. These countries are India (17 per cent), Nigeria (15 per cent), Pakistan (8 per cent), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (7 per cent) and Angola (5 per cent).

 

Report name – Report on Regular Resources

Issuing agency – UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund )

 

Report name – The Global Report

Issuing agency – UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees). To read more about UNHCR, click here and here.

 

Report name – State of world population

Issuing agency – UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund)

Latest in news – According to State of World Population 2015 Report, more than 100 million people today require humanitarian aid because of natural disasters and violence, more than at any time since World War II. About one-quarter of these people are women of reproductive age.

 

Report name – Global education monitoring Report

Issuing agency – UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)

 

Report name – Global Gender Gap Report

Issuing Agency – World Economic Forum (WEF)

Latest in news – Out of the 144 countries surveyed, while Iceland topped the Gender Gap Index for the eighth consecutive year in a row, India stood at 87th position, from the 108th position in 2015. Through the Global Gender Gap Report, the World Economic Forum quantifies the magnitude of gender disparities and tracks their progress over time, with a specific focus on the relative gaps between women and men across four key areas, namely health, education, economy and politics.

 

Report name – Human Capital Report 2016

Issuing agency – World Economic Forum

Latest in news – The Human Capital Index 2016 ranks 130 countries on how well they are developing and deploying their human capital potential. India occupied the 105th position among the 130 countries surveyed in the Index. In 2015, India’s position was 100th among the 124 countries surveyed in the Index. In the Asia-Pacific region, it is placed behind Sri Lanka (50), China (71), Indonesia (72), Iran (85), Bhutan (91) and Bangladesh (104)

 

Security Issues

Report name – World Wildlife Crime Report

Issuing agency – UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)

Latest in news – The inaugural report in 2016 highlights how the poaching and illegal trade of thousands of different species across the globe present real environmental dangers.

 

Report name – World Drug Report

Issuing agency – UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)

 

Report name – Global Report on Trafficking in Persons

Issuing agency – UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)

 

Report name – Reports on Counterfeiting and Organized Crime

Issuing agency – UNICRI (United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute)

 

Report name – Global Money Laundering Report

Issuing agency – FATF (Financial Action Task Force)

Questions, suggestions and comments


  1. Profile photo of Akshay Thakur Akshay Thakur

    Saved a lot of time , Thanks CD 🙂

  2. Profile photo of Prashanth Deva Prashanth Deva

    if civils is your goal stick to it dont get deviated you will get neither if deviated

  3. Profile photo of Diya Diya

    Thanks a lot CD…. 🙂 🙂

  4. Profile photo of Arc Arc

    much needed.. thanks a lot!!!

  5. Profile photo of richi nigam richi nigam

    thanx a lot

  6. Profile photo of Abhishek Sharma Abhishek Sharma

    Thanks a ton for this!

  7. Profile photo of Saravanan N S Saravanan N S

    Thank you

  8. Profile photo of Nagesh Mallappa Nagesh Mallappa

    Thanks a lot for this Compilation !

  9. Profile photo of sarvjit mann sarvjit mann

    Thanks @gurleen-kaur

  10. Profile photo of Harsh Arora Harsh Arora

    Is it necessary to have a job in your hand before you are going for civil service as uncertainty and huge competition prevails particularly for average or below average students?

    1. Profile photo of Arc Arc

      better to strive fully for atleast one complete attempt, then join a low-demanding job if required and continue the chase if goal is yet to be reached.

    2. Profile photo of Satish Yadav Satish Yadav

      depends upon circumtances…

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