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[Official] Geography Optional | IAS Mains | Daily Initiative 2

 Srishti Srivastava
  • Seeing the awesome response in all the other optional threads, I think it would be a good idea to have a kind of daily initiative for geography optional people to supplement the self study/ classes/ test series.
    Please comment here if you want an official thread for geography.


    Click here for seeing the old thread.


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  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    Any other initiative apart from map marking which can be sustained till mains?

  •  Aman Chandel @achandel45
  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    Guys lets start a new initiative for Map marking.
    I will try to cover all previous year questions starting from 1971.

    •  Kartik Kashyap @kashyapkartik95

      Sir my opt. Mathematics i hv completed my coaching from ims but i had joined this initiatives before coaching and your each comments i can’t looked so don’t again

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      Sorry I did not understand

    •  Kartik Kashyap @kashyapkartik95

      There is not ur fault, how can be unsubscribe this initiative And if u able to exist me this initiative than plz exist me

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      Contemporary locations 2

      1. Palampur
      2. Tilonia
      3. Kathua
      4. Cochin
      5. Shamlaji
      6. Rohtak
      7. Khanderi
      8. Cooch behar
      9. Gurez
      10. Hubballi
      11. Rudraprayag
      12. Sriharikota
      13. Chandipur
      14. Amaravati
      15. Katamati
      16. Somnath
      17. Coimbatore
      18. Shivamogga
      19. East coast economic corridor
      20. Parappana agrahara prison

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      Contemporary locations

      1. Akodara
      2. Agra-Etawah highway
      3. Kamuthi
      4. Nagrota
      5. Ferozpur
      6. Harike pattan lake
      7. Palanpur
      8. HEP – Sawalkot,pakal dul,bursar.
      9. Mirchpur
      10. Nagarnar
      11. Vaikom
      12. Chandipur
      13. Kumbakonam
      14. NW 59
      15. Tarkhanwala
      16. Abdul kalam wheeler island
      17. Dehradun
      18. Panna forest reserve
      19. Hinjli
      20. Lanura

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      After having a thorough glance of these maps lets start with contemporary locations.

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2015

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48
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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2014

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2013

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2012

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2011

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2010

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2009

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2008

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2007

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2006

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      2005

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      2004

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      2003

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      2002

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      2001

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      2000

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      1999

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      1998

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      1997

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1996

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      1995

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1994

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      1993

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1992

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1991

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1971

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1972

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1973

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1974

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1975

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1976

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1977

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1978

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1979

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1980

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1981

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1982

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1983

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1984

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1985

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1986

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1987

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1988

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1989

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      1990

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    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      For better visualization i will be posting the maps of PYQ , try to describe the location if possible.

    •  Bruce Wayne @bruce-wayne

      Hey. everyone has access to PYQs.
      Better to start maps on contemporary location. Thats much more relevant.

    •  Sakshi Ganorkar @sakshi-ganorkar

      Right

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      I was thinking to cover PYQ in 10 days and move on to contemporary locations after that.

    •  Bruce Wayne @bruce-wayne

      PYQs cannot be completed in 10 days. Anyways,your plan. I am in.

    •  Munna kumar @munnaraj94

      Yes plz

  •  pratyush tiwari @teamouz56

    if there a whtsapp group for geography..my no.9151526525..thnku fr adding me.

  •  Manish Kumar am17m005 @manish-kumar-am17m005

    yes

  •  Sakshi Ganorkar @sakshi-ganorkar

    Is this only commenting site? I see no initiative!

    •  pratyush tiwari @teamouz56

      if there is a geography whtsapp group..add me too.no.-9151526525.thnks.

    •  Bruce Wayne @bruce-wayne

      Anyone can start initiative,provided to remain continuous.

      BTW,I think Srishti might have something in mind,similar to previous year locations practise..:P which might come in few days.

    •  Sakshi Ganorkar @sakshi-ganorkar

      Yeah. Thank u

    •  Sakshi Ganorkar @sakshi-ganorkar

      Yeah.

  •  Aman Chandel @achandel45

    hello friends,
    I am a fresher for CSE preparation, I have finished my physical geography portion but now i am not able to get any resources for Human Geography. Kindly suggest some resources for the same. It will be great help.

    •  Bruce Wayne @bruce-wayne

      Having finished Physical Geography,you aren’t a fresher now..:P
      Books on Human Geography can vary from Human Geography,Models and Theories in Geography,Evolution of Geographical thoughts..all by Majid Hussain.
      I would suggest you take Good Notes of any recognised coaching institute(one in which you are reading too) and supplement it with the above mentioned books.
      Rest Srishti and Prakhar can improvise.

    •  Aman Chandel @achandel45

      @bruce-wayne, Thanks for appreciation…
      I am doing Self Study and didn’t joined any coaching.
      Could you please suggest good coaching material which i can prefer.
      Thanks.
      🙂

    •  Bruce Wayne @bruce-wayne

      Bro,I haven’t cleared mains yet(Second in process) so hold no expertise in this aspect. There are multiple sources available ,you can go for Neetu Singh ma’m or Shabbir Sir’s notes. Avoid collection and duplication of sources(My personal suggestion as I suffered this in my 2 years prep).

    •  Aman Chandel @achandel45

      Thanks for your reply,

      I have got Neetu Singh Ma’am notes from a source but they donot have complete topics and many topics are skipped are those topics irrelevant or the notes are incomplete..

      your guidance can Save me… As there is loads of stuff on there for geography…
      🙂

    •  Bruce Wayne @bruce-wayne

      Guidance? Lol..bro take it easy, I am too naive to guide you. Sorry.
      Just take the syllabus, and Previous year papers,match the relevant topics,make your own notes for missing topics,analyse the changing trend. Thats it.

  •  Ankit Gupta @ankit-gupta1

    Srishti Srivastava please add me also on whats app group of geography, please. Number : 8860514931

  •  Sakshi Ganorkar @sakshi-ganorkar

    Yes please

  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    Key words: Regional Planning

    Attachments:
  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    Key words: Perspectives of Human Geography

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  •  Manojkumar Tummala @manojkumartummala

    What all should be written when asked about structural characteristics? Say for Deccan Plateau.

    •  Pranav @pranavce15

      Describe the geology.. Rock structure and how that came about(aka geologic history)

  •  Ankamma Rao @ankammaraopattela

    It is good to start daily answer writing initiative for geography optional.

  •  Arpit Tomar @arpittomar1010

    Hey.
    Can anyone tell me where to get recent map locations? 2017

    •  Srishti Srivastava @srishtisrivastava

      Examrace covers this to an extent in their youtube videos.
      Also, you can check out other forums for related threads.
      A sub-thread can be started here if there is going to be significant participation. If its going to be only 3 people like last time, we would much rather use whatsapp.

    •  Vijay Karthik @vijay-karthik

      please explain the uses of studying earth quake waves?

  •  Munna kumar @munnaraj94

    Pls guys lists all important map questions

  •  Mohammed Siyad @mohammedsiyad

    Yep..

  •  Mithilesh Yadav @mithil888

    well…needed absolutely

  •  kunal surya @kunal-surya

    discuss landform analysis system?

  •  kunal surya @kunal-surya

    please help me regarding which book is preferred for geography optional in hindi medium

    •  Srishti Srivastava @srishtisrivastava

      @kunal-surya I don’t know about text books for hindi medium. But I have heard that Alok Ranjan Sir’s notes are the best for geography optional in Hindi medium.

    •  Kartik Kashyap @kashyapkartik95

      Ms, please remove me in this initiative

    •  kunal surya @kunal-surya

      thank..:-)

  •  Munna kumar @munnaraj94

    Is Decay distance model relevance for India?

    •  Srishti Srivastava @srishtisrivastava

      More relevant in rural India – as mobility is relatively limited due to lack of development of transport infrastructure, cultural and social factors like attachment to land, son of soil doctrine. In rural-rural migration, Intra-district migrations and intra-state migrations dominate in comparison to inter-state migrations. However, in some cases migration is seasonal as in case of sugar industry and therefore the distance decay concept doesnt hold true in this case.
      Also, holds true for tribal population engaged in sedentary activities like agriculture, services. Not true for transhumant population of the hilly areas.
      In cities, metros especially, it does not hold true especially after globalisation and advent of aviation industry, MRTS – development of interlinkages with nearby towns and cities more than the intermediate rural areas Eg: Greater interlinkage between Mumbai and Pune in comparison to the rural areas between Mumbai and Pune.

  •  Manojkumar Tummala @manojkumartummala

    Why during El-Nino years cyclones over the Bay of Bengal are more prevalent compared to Arabian sea and during El-Nino Modoki the opposite ?

    •  Bruce Wayne @bruce-wayne

      Assuming that you are clear with your basics.
      It is,during the El Nino years,the descending limb of the walker cell shift to the Arabian Sea,which imparts stablity in the region,countering cyclone.

  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    8. Local winds.

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  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    7. Types of clouds

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  •  g@ur@v @gaurav47000

    explain the difference b/w tropical and temperate cyclone, how they form pls explain step by step

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      Discussion on Tropical cyclones
      cyclone – low pressure area, Pressure increases as we move outwards around the eye.
      Winds movement high pressure to low pressure.
      In Cyclone we have tropical as well as Temperate Cyclones.
      tropical cyclone develops between tropics of cancer and capricorn.
      6 main requirements
      sufficiently warm sea surface temperatures
      atmospheric instability,
      high humidity in the lower to middle levels of the troposphere
      enough Coriolis force to develop a low-pressure center
      a preexisting low-level focus or disturbance
      low vertical wind shear.
      Tropical regions favour these conditions
      how is tropical cyclone diff from that of temperate?
      1. tropical – only sea
      temperate – land and sea
      2. Temperate cyclcone also called frontol cyclones is prevalent in temperate regions and a frontal surface separates warm and cold air.
      3. Precipitation in tropical cyclone is of convection type, in temperate its because of frontal activity.
      Temperate cyclones are far more devastating than Tropical Cyclones coz active both on land and sea.
      what is the relation between tropical cyclone and Coriolis force ?
      1. Coriolis force which is caused due to rotaion of the earth, helps the tropical cyclones to rotate faster.
      2. cyclone is not observed very near to equator – abscence of coriolis force.
      3. Hence tropical cyclones are commonly observed within 10-30 degree latitudes.
      why ITCZ is important for Tropical cyclones ?
      1. ITCZ which is the point of convergence of the northeast and southeast trade winds.
      2. ITCZ forms near the warmest surface waters.
      3. ITCZ is a low pressure zone too, which inherently helps formation of cyclones.
      Why there are fewer cyclones over the Arabian Sea as compared to the Bay of Bengal?
      Bay of Bengal has a lot of fresh water due to the major rivers in the region.
      less saline, less dense , more capacity to hold moisture – more evaporation.
      Since freshwater is lighter than the salty waters in the Bay, it forms a thin layer on the surface. This thin layer of fresh water is heated more easily than the extremely salty waters in the Arabian Sea.
      why cyclones rotate clockwise in Northern Hemisphere? what is the correlation between direction of rotation of coriolis force and cyclone ?
      The reason is that the earth’s rotation sets up the Coriolis force that pulls the winds to the right in the Northern Hemisphere. So when a low pressure starts to form north of the equator, the surface winds will flow inward trying to fill in the low and will be deflected to the right and a counter-clockwise rotation will be initiated. The opposite (a deflection to the left and a clockwise rotation) will occur south of the equator.
      1. north hemisphere – coriolis deflected to right hence rotate clockwise , so cyclone counter clockwise.
      how are tropical cyclones predicted ?
      1. If a depression with maximum surface wind (MSW) of 17-27 knots forms over the northern Indian Ocean (NIO), a cyclogenesis is said to have occurred.
      2. Prevailing environmental conditions such as sea surface temperature (SST), ocean thermal energy, vertical wind shear, low level vorticity, middle level relative humidity, upper level divergence, moist static stability, and low to upper level winds are considered for predicting cyclogenesis.
      3. A genesis potential parameter (GPP), for NIO is
      developed as the product of four variables—vorticity at lower levels, middle tropospheric relative humidity, middle tropospheric instability, and vertical wind shear.
      4. high resolution images from satellites are used.
      5. The storm surge is predicted by IMD using nomograms and dynemic model developed by IIT, Delhi. Both these models taken into consideration different characteristics, the cyclones and the coastal bathymetry to predict the storm surge.
      6. Subjective techniques like Climatology, Synoptic and Satellite (Dvorak) techniques and radar techniques are used.
      7. Also recently launched scatscat satellite is used for weather forecasting, predicting cyclones
      cyclone is called super cyclone
      1. min speed 62 kmph -then cyclone
      2. min speed 220 kmph – then super cyclone
      3. rapid intensification, small radius of
      eyewall confining the large surge close to the point of
      landfall and relatively long life after landfall.
      refer classifcation image
      Disaster mitigation
      1. Monitoring cycloneprone coastal areas
      2. Dissemination of early warnings, data, and information
      3. Organising the immediate response
      4. Identification of safe buildings and sites to serve as temporary shelters for people and livestock evacuated from localities at risk
      5. Construction of multi-purpose shelters in coastal villages/habitations prone to frequent cyclones
      6. Proper maintenance of drainage systems and flood embankments
      7. Ensure that cyclone-resistant features are incorporated in planning and execution of social housing schemes
      8. Promote private participation
      9. Training and orientation programs for state govt. staff, and other direct stakeholders such as: civil society, media-persons, elected representatives, professionals for veterinary care and support to disaster-affected animals
      10. wind attenuation, land use strategy, resistant housing,
      conclusion
      A range of technological advances has now made cyclone forecasting a lot more accurate, thus reducing risks. Along with cyclones, problems associated with cyclones such as rainfall , storm surge and coastal inundation can also be accurately forecast in terms of magnitude, time and place of occurrence. This has resulted in reduction in loss of lives, and brought down the costs involved in evacuation of population.

    •  g@ur@v @gaurav47000

      thank you @spvijayakumar48

  •  Kartik kashyap @honest-kunal

    Someone tell me about mechanical engineering opti. Bcoz i m doing m confused

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      If you are strong in it pls go ahead .

    •  Kartik kashyap @honest-kunal

      Yeah , but there are not available any thread for mechanical engineering

  •  Shiva Raju @shivaraju

    defenetly,we should have an official thred

  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    6. Coral reefs

    Attachments:
    1. Coral-reef.ppt
  •  Abhishek Kumar @abhishekkumar7

    ya should have some daily initiative

  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    5. Global and local winds

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  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    4. Heat Budget and Albedo of Earth

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  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    3. Koeppen system of Climate classification

  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    2. Pressure belts of the world

    Attachments:
    1. pressurewind.ppt
  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    1. Theory of Plate tectonics – simple explanation

  •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

    Posting syllabus from Old thread

    Attachments:
  •  Munna kumar @munnaraj94

    Heyy all guys pls unite and contribute your strongy..

  •  Discuss @discuss

    @sidharthmahant92 and everyone else, this was actually started by Srishti Srivastava and not by us. While creating the new threads I forgot to change the author settings.

  •  Sidharth Mahant @sidharthmahant92

    Waiting for kind initiative
    Highly appreciable efforts Team Civilsdaily
    Your efforts are helping personally in each aspects
    Newcomers are being benefited
    Thanks a ton
    Regards

  •  Munna kumar @munnaraj94

    Any body can provide descriptive image of Indian rock pattern ..

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      Indian rock system

      Attachments:
  •  Khal Drogo @abhishek-rathi

    It will be of great help pls start

  •  g@ur@v @gaurav47000

    which is-
    largest port of India-
    deepest port-
    oldest port-

  •  Polugumati Gogaraju @polugumati-gogaraju

    good initiative

  •  Munna kumar @munnaraj94

    Today’s map
    18-11-2016
    Aghil pass
    Ooty
    Wellingdon hill
    Kanha
    Tirupati
    Kalahandi
    Bharatpur
    Koorg
    Dudhwa national park
    Vizag

    •  g@ur@v @gaurav47000

      kanha- largest nationak park in MP located in gondwana region district mandala, and 1st NP of MP listed under project tiger.
      Ooty- queen of hill station on nilgiri hills tamilnadu, famous for scenic beauty and connected with nilgiri mountain rail.
      tirupati- a city of AP famous for hindu temple shri venkateshwara temple.
      dudhwa national park- located in lakhimpur dist. of UP on the border with nepal listed as state’s only tiger reserve.
      bharatpur- a city of rajsthan famous for keoladev national park [world heritage site] and the royal house of bharatpur, a part of NCR.
      vizag- nick name of port city visakhapatnam, oldest shipyard and only natural harbor of east coast famous for it beauty and industrialisation, famous indira gandhi naional zoological park is here

  •  Raminder Savra @raminder-savra

    yes this would b better

  •  Munna kumar @munnaraj94

    Can explain someone Rostov model

    •  Praveen Rohankar @praveen-rohankar

      ROSTOV’s model in short :
      What is it ?- Rostov in his non-spatial economic growth model has defined 5 temporal stages in the growth of an economy and it’s political characteristics.
      The 5 stages –
      1. Traditional Society – economic setup highly primitive; no productive investment; nation building
      2. Pre-conditions for takeoff – Education and awareness + middle class; selective productive investment; Centralised state
      3. Take-off stage – enlarged and diversified productive investment by the centralised state; industrial development; self-sustaining economy;Political modernisation -> growing democratisation
      4. Drive to maturity – Specialised global interlinks; diversification of industrial base; Mfg. shifts from capital goods to White goods;
      5. Stage of Mass consumption – Market oriented investment ; Shift towards Service provisions; Shift from centralised state -> Welfare state

      ***********DIAGRAM***********

      Significance –
      Help countries identify their current stage and take necessary policy for the next stage.

      Criticism –
      Variable economic enviroment for developing countries vis-a-vis developed
      Globalisation changed the dynamics of the rapid and multi-staged development

  •  IAS 2017 @shivv-sharma

    golkonda – capital of medival sultanate Qutubshahi dynasty near hyderabad produced world famous diamonds like koh-i-noor

  •  Pranav @pranavce15

    Guys please contribute, simply stating that the thread is good doesnt help. You can start off by describing & mapping these entries put down by Sristi the other day

    1. Lansdowne
    2. Manamadhurai
    3. Kudremukh
    4. Banderpoonch
    5. Chirimiri
    6. Chakrata
    7. Golkonda
    8. Trimbak
    9. Kapurthala
    10. Doodhpathri
    Please contribute however you deem fit. It helps everyone

    •  Srishti Srivastava @srishtisrivastava

      1. Nabadwip
      2. Gurudongmar Lake
      3. Warangal
      4. Rudrasagar
      5. Solapur
      6. Barmer
      7. Indira Gandhi Canal
      8. Savitri River
      9. Ritchie’s Archipelago
      10. Mahabaleshwar

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      6. BARMER
      -district in Rajasthan-5th largest district in India
      – Luni river
      -Tilwara cattle fair
      -Oil exploration by Cairns energy(UK) with ONGC
      -Uttarlai- India’s first underground airbase

      7. INDIRA GANDHI CANAL
      – Water canal from Harike Barrage to Thar desert
      -Water from Sutlej

      8. SAVITRI RIVER
      -one of 5 rivers originate from Mahableshwar hill , Maharashtra
      Kal river- tributary
      – Aug,2016 – British era bridge collapsed

      9.RITCHIE’s archipelago
      – group of islands of Andaman & Nicobar- part of Port blair’s taluk
      -Havelock Island, Lawrence ISland, Neill Island
      -indigenous Andamenese live and coral reefs

      10.MAHABALESHWAR
      -hill station in Maharshtra and served as summer capital for British
      -source of river Krishna
      -Mahabaleshwar Strawberry-85% of India’s production and GI tag
      -3 monkey point,Arthur seat point,venna lake – places of interest

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      1. NABADWIP

      – City on river Bhagirathi in WB
      -Capital of Sena Dynasty of Bengal
      -Vaishnava saint Chaitanya born here and his birthday celebrated as Gaura-Purnima
      – Nicknames: Spiritual Capital of World and Oxford of the east

      2. GURUDONGMAR LAKE
      – 2nd highest lake in Sikkim at altitude of 5430m
      -sacred for Buddhists and lake named after Guru Padmasambhave( founder of Tibetan Buddhism)
      -provides one of source streams of river Teesta

      3. WARANGAL
      -City and Distrit in Telangana
      -chosen for scheme HRIDAY and smart cities project
      -Kakatiya dynasty ruled and famous woman ruler – Rudhramadevi
      -Bhadrakali, waddepally lakes
      – Warangal fort, Thousand pillar temple, Ramappa temples – UNESCO heritage sites

      4.RUDRASAGAR
      -lake in Tripura
      – Ramsar Wetland site- streams: Noacherra, Durlavnaraya cherra and Kemtali cherra.
      – Neermahal Place on north-east bank

      5,SOLAPUR
      – city in Maharashtra- Siddheswar temple
      -Solapuri Chadars (cotton bedsheet) – world famous and GI tag
      -Asia’s biggest and World’s 2nd biggest spinning mill
      -National research centre on Pomegranate- India’s first Municipal Council to hoist National Flag in 1930

    •  Srishti Srivastava @srishtisrivastava

      1. Suheli Par Islands
      2. Edakkal Cave
      3. Feni river
      4. Pochampally
      5. Konkan Railways
      6. Jorhat
      7. Malayagiri
      8. Neemuch
      9. Siju Cave
      10. Lonar Lake

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      6. JORHAT
      -city and cultural capital of Assam
      -last capital of Ahom KIngdom
      – Majuli Island- north of Jorhat district
      -Central Eri & Muga Research Inst ,Rain forest research inst, Tocklai tea research Inst located here
      – Lachit Borphukan Maidam(kind of Tomb)- Ahom General who defeated Mughals
      -home town to former CM Tarun gogoi

      7.MALAYAGIRI
      – mountain peak in Odisha
      -Garhjat Range and 1187m

      8.NEEMUCH
      -town in Malwa region , MP –Gwalior princely state’s British Cantonment and birthplace of CRPF
      -India’s eye donation capital
      -Asia’s biggest Opium alkaloid processing plant
      -Welspun Solar MP( Asia’s largest solar plant) at Neemuch
      – Sita Mata wild sanctuary,Gandhi sagar sanctuary – nearby

      9.SIJU CAVE
      -limestone cave in Meghalaya
      -near Naphak lake and Simsang river game reserve
      -also called Bat cave bcoz os some bat species

      10.LONAR LAKE
      – Saline soda lake in Maharashtra
      – formed due to meteor impact
      -Purna. Pen Ganga drains into lake

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      1. SUHELI PAR ISLANDS
      – Coral atoll in Lakshadweep
      – Three Islands – Valiyakara , Cheriyakara and Indira-shastri dweep
      – Grey heron and Black capped Kingfisher -seen
      – Proposal to declare Suheli par as a marine national park
      – Turtle nesting

      2.EDAKKAL CAVE
      -Two natural caves on Ambukutty Mala (Hills) with paintings date back to 6000BC
      -a sign “a Man with jar cup” is present which is distinct motif of Indus Valley. So, This is linked with alternate theory linking possible Dravidian and Harappan Civilization.

      3. FENI RIVER
      -River originate in Tripura and flows into Bangladesh
      – Muthuri river(Little Feni) joins near its mouth
      -Foundation stone laid to construct 150m bridge on river Feni to connect Sabroom(India) with Port Chittagong.

      4.POCHAMPALLY
      – Town in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Telangana
      – Bhoodan Movement under Vinobha bhave born at Pochampally.
      – Pochampally saree with Ikat style of dyeing is famous and Air India air hostesses wear such sarees and also got GI status in 2005
      – Weaving site – tentative UNESCO heritage site

      5. KONKAN RAILWAYS
      -one of 17 Railway zones. connects Maharastra , Karnataka and Goa.
      -famous for RORO( Roll ON- Roll OFF)-road rail synergy system.

    •  Pranav @pranavce15

      Today’s Map locations
      1. Mannar Island
      2 Rajmahal – Garo gap
      3 Lhotse
      4 Bongaigaon
      5 R. Shetrunji
      6 Hemis NP
      7 Burzil Pass
      8 Namdapha
      9 Bhitarkarnika
      10 Koyna

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      7. BURZIL PASS
      -Pass connecting Gilgit with Sri Nagar and lies close to LOC
      Astore river originate from western slopes of Pass

      8. NAMDAPHA
      -third National park of India –
      Eastern Himalayas Biodiversity hotspot
      -Critically endangered Namdapha Flying Squirrel
      -Snow leopard, Clouded leopard ,White bellied heron

      9. BHITARGANIKA
      -National Park and wild life sactuary in Odisha- Brahmani , Baitrani rivers
      – Gahirmatha beach – nesting by OLive ridley turtles
      -Salt water crocodiles
      – Bhitrakanika Mangroves

      10.KOYNA
      – Koyna dam on Koyna river in Maharashtra
      -Koyna Hrdroelectric project
      -1967 Koyna earthquake due to reservoir triggered seismic activity.

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      1. MANNAR ISLAND
      – part of Sri Lanka.
      – Ram setu connects Pamban Island (India) and Mannar Island(Sri Lanka)

      2. RAJMAHAL-GARO GAP
      -Physiographic and Structural depression
      – Subsidence along a north-south axis between Garo and Rajmahal hills due to block faulting or regional warping of Peninsular block, as part of Himalayan uplift.
      – Rajmahal-Garo gap separates Meghalaya plateau from Main block of Peninsular plateau
      – Filled by deposits of Ganga and Brahmaputra

      3. LHOTSE
      – fourth highest peak in the world
      -Western flank of Lhotse is “Lhotse face”.
      -8516m

      4.BONGAIGAON
      -2nd largest city of Assam
      – has Oil refinery which is eighth largest refinery of IOCL
      – Manas National park within the district
      -NTPC Bongaigoan -3*250MW proposed
      – Koya Kujia eco park, Bagheswari temple, Roumari dam- places of interest.

      5.River SHETRUNJI
      -north flowing river in Gujarat and drains into Gulf of Cambay.
      -Palitana dam across the river
      – Khodiyar mata waterfall

      6.HEMIS NATIONAL PARK
      -Largest National park of India in Ladakh, J&K-Indus River
      -High density of Snow Leopards
      -Asiatic Ibex, Shapu, Argali(Great Tibetan Sheep)- other animals
      -400 year old Hemis Tibetan Monastery

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      Map -20/nov

      Attachments:
    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      Rajmahal garo gap – This gap was formed by down-faulting (normal fault: a block of earth slides downwards). It was later filled by sediments deposited by the Ganga and Brahmaputa )

      Attachments:
    •  Srishti Srivastava @srishtisrivastava

      Today’s Map locations

      1. Jawahar Tunnel
      2. Chopta
      3. Naharkatiya
      4. Bhimashankar
      5. Balasinor
      6. Kshipra River
      7. Courtallam
      8. Dahod
      9. Rangpo
      10. Cross Islands

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      map – 19/Nov

      Attachments:
    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      6. KSHIPRA RIVER

      -river in MP
      -Ujjain situated on its east bank.
      -Every 12 years Sinhastha fair(Kumbhmela)
      – Water Pollution- a issue

      7.COURTALLAM

      – Town in Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu
      – Famous for Waterfalls like Peraruvi( Main falls), Five Falls ( Aintharuvi)
      -Thiru Courtrallanathar temple

      8.DAHOD
      – small town on Dudhimati river in Gujarat
      – Aurangazeb born in fort of Dahod and Tantia tope believed to be lived his last days here
      – included in Smart city project

      9.RANGPO
      -town in sikkim on NH10
      – Teesta flows
      – SC gave nod to Sevoke( WB) to Rangpo rail line

      10.CROSS Island
      -uninhabited island in Mumbai harbour
      -Oil refinery
      -ruins of a fort and locally known as Chinal Tekdi

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      1. JAWAHAR TUNNEL
      -Road tunnel in J&K constructed by Germans Alfred Kunz and C Barsel
      – Situated b/w Banihal and Qazigund on NH1A. Under Border Roads Orgn
      -Now has ventilation system, Pollution, Temp sensors, Emegency phone system.

      2.CHOPTA
      – Uttarakhand
      – Mountainous region- part of Kedarnath Wildlife sanctuary
      -Chandrasila peak, Atrimuni falls ,Deoria Tal lake- places of interest

      3.NAKARKATIYA

      -Town and Oil field in Dibrugarh district, Assam
      – Burhi Dinhing, tributary of brahmaputra flows.
      -Bihu Festival and Mongoloid tribe Tai Phakes live here

      4.BHIMASHANKAR
      – Jyotirlinga temple near Pune.
      -Source of river Bhima
      -Situated on Sahyadri Range
      – Mokshakund Thirtha behind the temple

      5. BALASINOR
      – Town in Mahisagar district, formerly a princely state of BABI dynasty
      -Dinosaur Fossil park with atleast 13 species lived here in past
      -In 2003, a new species belonging to T REX family discovered and named “Rajasaurus narmandensis” ( Princely reptile from Narmada)

    •  Pranav @pranavce15

      Today’s locations
      1. Hambantota
      2. Lumding
      3. Naxalbari
      4. Somnath
      5. Viradi
      6. Tumalapalle
      7. Anjadiva Island
      8. Murshidabad
      9. Dagsai
      10. Mendhar

      Awesome stuff @saravanan-ns, @shiv-sharma

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      8. MURSHIDABAD

      -City in West Bengal located on Bhagirathi , tributary of Ganga
      – Hazarduari place -attraction
      – Murshidabad silk famous for making sarees

      9. DAGSAI
      – Cantonment twon in solan district, Himachal Pradesh
      – Dagshai Central Jail where Irish freedom fighters executed and 4 revolutionaries of Komagata Maru incident were also executed
      – Jail now used as Godown for Military Engg service.

      10.MENDHAR
      – in Poonch district in J&K
      -located in foothills of Pir Panjal
      -King Menander and Nagasena met nearby and constructed Menandra Vihar which later became Mendhar.
      – Ram kund temple , Ziyarat architecture believed to be of Pandavas located nearby

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      REMAINING PLACES AND SOME MORE POINTS

      1. HAMBANTOTA
      – Port in Sri lanka developed with assistance from China.
      – linked with String of Pearls Policy
      -International Cricket Stadium – Mahinda Rajapaksa Stadium
      – India has consulate here.

      4. SOMNATH

      – Somnath Mahadev Temple in Gujarat , First among the 12 jyotirlingas
      – Bhalka Tirth located nearby where it is believed Lord Krishna avatar ended and went to heaven.

      5. VIRADI
      – near Alang in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat
      – Mithi Virdi (Viradi) – Nuclear power plant proposed with Six reactors – Capacity -6000 MW
      – Local Protest as the area is known for growing Kesar Mango trees

      6. TUMALAPALLE
      -Tumalapalle Uranium mine in Kadappa district
      -Nuclear Fuel Complex, Hyderabad found anout 2lakh tonnes Uranium reserves – one of World’s largest
      – First mine in country to adopt alkali based leaching in place of acid based leachig
      – water from Chitravati river basin

      7. ANJEDIVA ISLAND
      -island in Goa
      Portuguese settlement and Angediva fortress located here.
      Part of large naval INS Kadamba base
      -1961 – Indian Passenger ship, Sabarmati was attacked by Portuguese forces and this contributed to Operation Vijay

    •  Srishti Srivastava @srishtisrivastava

      2. Lumding – Assam, railway junction, agrarisn set up, close to Haflong, Assam’s only hill station
      3. Naxalbari – North WB, bordering Nepal, known for being the starting point of the Naxalite movement
      4. Somnath – Saurashtra Region of Gujarat, 1 of 12 jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva, place of pilgrimage
      6. Tumalapalle – uranium mining in Kadappa district of AP
      7. Anjadiva Island – part of project seabird, goa govt handed over to MoD, close to Karwar port of Karnataka
      8. Murshidabad – WB, HAZARduari palace, silk, heavy industries agriculture

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      8. TRIMBAK

      -city in Nashik district, Maharashtra

      >Simhastha Kumbh mela was originally held at Trimbhak, but a clash between Vaishnavites and Shaivites forced Peshwa to shift to Ramkund in Nashik.
      > Trimbakeshwar temple (one of 12 Jyotirlingas) with linga in the form of three faced representing Trimurti.
      > located at foothills of Brahmagiri hills where Godavari originate and hill believed to be birthplace of Lord Ganesha

      9. KAPURTHALA

      – city in Punjab and was once a princely state of Kapurthala.
      >Elysee palace, Shalimar Gardens – attractions
      >Kanjli Wetland, a Ramsar Convention site located on periphery of city on western bein rivulet.

      10. DOODHPATRI

      – Hill station in Budgam district of J&K
      >lies in the valley of Pir Panjal range.
      >Palmaidan- Grazing ground for Cattle, Mujpathri on river Shaliganga – attractions

    •  Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

      FOR THE LEFTOUT PLACES

      1. LANSDOWNE :
      Cantonment town in Uttarakhand named after Lord Lansdowne.
      >Presently, Garhwals rifles have command office here.
      > Kaleshwar Mahadev temple , Bhullatal lake are major attractions.
      > Garhwal rifles museum (Darwan singh Sanghralaya ) with artefacts, photos, weapons about Garhwal rifles participation in WW II

      4.BANDARPOONCH

      -a group of mountains in Uttarakhand
      > Bandarpoonch means “Tail of the Monkey” where Lord Hanuman extinguished his tail which was set fire in Sri Lanka.
      >Lies within Govind Pashu Vihar National park and sanctuary where Flora- Rhododendron and Fauna- Snow leopard, bearded vulture.

      5. CHIRIMIRI

      -hill station in Koriya district, Chattisgarh

      >Lord Jagannath temple resembles Puri Temple located here
      >Chirimiri coal field located here.
      > Hasdeo river flows

      6. CHAKRATA

      – cantonment town in Uttarakhand with Special frontier force called Establishment 22 (ony ethnic Tibetan unit of Indian Army)
      >Tiger falls, Kimona fall, is located nearby Chakrata

      7.GOLKONDA
      -historical place – Capital of Qutb Shahi Dynasty
      – Famous for mines which produced koh-i-noor, hope diamond, Daria-i-noor( crown jewel of Iran)
      -Tombs of Sultans , Naya Qila -attractions

    •  Vijay Kumar @spvijayakumar48

      3. Kudremukh – mountain range in Chikkamagaluru district, in Karnataka. The town of Kudremukh is primarily an iron ore mining town where the government run Public Sector Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Ltd. (KIOCL) operates.
      > It is noted for its scenic beauty.
      > Owing to the dense forests, sighting wildlife can be challenging, though the area is rich in wildlife.
      > Three important rivers, the Tunga, the Bhadra and the Nethravathi are said to have their origin here.

    •  Vijay Karthik @vijay-karthik

      what is the importance of manamadhurai u mentioned here ?

    •  Srishti Srivastava @srishtisrivastava
    •  Vijay Karthik @vijay-karthik

      yes., thanks. despite living in the same state, i did not know this. thanks again.

  •  AKHILESH KUMAR @akhil7762

    yes definitely please carry on….

  •  hsb07 @hiteshbasera-2

    Yes plz it will help a lot.

  •  Neal Mukherjee @indranilmukherjee0

    yes it will be of great help…

  •  g@ur@v @gaurav47000

    ya sure @discuss sir this would be a better option than scrolling mouse too much

This topic contains 157 replies, has 33 voices, and was last updated by  Kartik Kashyap 1 week, 5 days ago.



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