Topics for Today’s questions:
GS-1 Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
GS-2 Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
GS-3 Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
GS-4 Case Studies
Q.1 Regionalism in India is not a new topic of debate and is strengthening its roots slowly and steadily. In this context, differentiate between region and regionalism. Analyse the major issues that lead to the demand for regionalism in India and how it is a challenge for national integration? (15 Marks)
Q.2 Although the India-Russia relationship stands strained by the larger geopolitical realities which neither of them is in completely control of, there exists significant potential for cooperation between the two sides. Discuss. (15 Marks)
Q.3 Without substantially fostering rural India’s growth, the Indian growth story cannot be claimed to be inclusive. Highlighting the challenges in rural growth, suggest solutions for the same. (10 Marks)
Q.4 The farmer unions in one of the states has called for mass protest owing to large number of arrears/their dues not being paid by the private sugar factories for the last two years. On the day of mass protest, farmers turned up in huge numbers and at several places the protest turned violent. There were instances of stone pelting, vehicle burning etc. The police were not able to control the violent protesters at some places and had to resort to lathi charge. But at one of the places, police resorted to firing in which four farmers were killed. This further aggravated the situation as farmers at other places also resorted to violence to protest against police action. Looking at the intensity of the situation, under opposition pressure, one of the Minister of the state gave the statement that farmers did not die due to police firing but there were some anti-social elements amongst the protesters who fired in order to create unrest in the state. This statement of the Minister instead of calming the protesters further angered them as some eyewitness testified to news channels about the deaths being the result of police firing. All this further projected government in bad light and the police action has come under severe criticism by various sections of intelligentsia. The public sentiment has started to sway in favour of the protesting farmers. There is huge pressure on the government to diffuse the tension, address farmers’ grievances and take action against the police personnel involved in firing at the protesters since the protesters have started blocking all the major state highways which has crippled the day-to-day routine of the people of the state. Further, there is danger that the situation may get out of control anytime. Suppose you are the district magistrate where the incident has taken place: a) You have to address the press conference. What will be your statement to the media if it seeks clarification on whether people died in the police firing as stated by the state minister? b) What are the ethical issues involved in the case? c) What steps will you take to tackle the post-firing situation effectively? (20 Marks)
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