17 September 2018 | Prelims Daily with Previous Year Questions

Q.1) In context to the HIV estimation in India, consider the following statements:

  1. The first round of HIV estimation in India was done in 1998.
  2. NACO undertakes HIV estimations biennially in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) None of the above.

Inspired by: NACO releases HIV Estimations 2017 report

https://www.civilsdaily.com/news/naco-releases-hiv-estimations-2017-report/

Q.2) Which of the following statements about India’s first underwater robotic drone EyeROV Tuna, is NOT correct?

a) It is developed by Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) of DRDO.

b) It can be easily accessed and controlled with the supporting attached and connected hardware such as laptops and joysticks.

c) It can be navigated up to a depth of 50 metres to take real-time HD video images to examine ship hulls or undersea cables or bridge moorings.

d) It weighs less than 10 kilogram and can be used for inspection of ship hulls, ports, dams and nuclear power plants.

Inspired by: EyeROV TUNA: India’s first Underwater Robotic Drone

https://www.civilsdaily.com/news/eyerov-tuna-indias-first-underwater-robotic-drone/

 

Q.3) With reference to the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) consider the following statements:

  1. It is the amount of dissolved oxygen required by aerobic biological organisms to break down organic material present in a given water sample.
  2. It is most commonly expressed in litres of oxygen.

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) None of the above

Inspired by: More river stretches are now critically polluted: CPCB

https://www.civilsdaily.com/news/more-river-stretches-are-now-critically-polluted-cpcb/

 

Q.4) Prolonged consumption of fluoride-contaminated water leads to dental and skeletal fluorosis. With reference to the fluorosis, which of the given statements is/are correct?

  1. Consumption of water having fluoride content above 1.5 mg per litre is considered dangerous to health.
  2. Mottled teeth and crippled backbone and limbs are manifestation of the disease.
  3. Presently there is no medication available against fluorosis but phasing out the use of excess fluoride polluted water can be done.

Select the correct codes:

a) All of the above

b) 1 and 2

c) 2 and 3

c) Only 3

Inspired by: Many Odisha schoolchildren hit by fluoride contamination

The Hindu

Q.5) With reference to the Chiller Star Labelling Program, consider the following statements:

  1. It has been formulated by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
  2. It will promote advancement technology for central HVAC (Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems to improve energy efficiency.

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

a) Both 1 and 2

b) Only 1

c) Only 2

d) None of the above.

Inspired by: Power Ministry launches ambitious program on energy efficiency in Chillers

Press Information Bureau

 

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