Topics for Today’s questions:
GS-1 Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)
GS-2 Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
GS-3 Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
GS-4 Case Studies
Q.1 Write a brief note on the distribution of shale gas resources in India. Also, list down the challenges associated with its exploration. (15 Marks)
Q.2 What are implications of pendency of cases with significant constitutional questions in the Supreme Court? How it affects the functioning of democracy. (10 Marks)
Q. 3 What are the lessons offered by the issues faced in the regulation of cryptocurrency for the regulator and the government in India. (10 Marks)
Q.4 Big firms often undertake sub-contracting to complete large infrastructure projects in a timely manner. You recently joined one such firm as a manager responsible for awarding these contracts. Looking at the past records, you find that all contracts for the past few years have been awarded to a particular firm, X. Your superior has asked you to award an upcoming contract to the same firm. Although, not binding, company procedure maintains that sub-contracting work should be offered after competitive bids. This is to ensure that the firm most suitable for the project in terms of operations and finance gets the contract. When you discuss this with your superior, he insists that hiring of the firm X has been done as per legal norms of the company and no official rule has been violated. You decide to contact the owner of the firm X. After doing so, you realize that he is the nephew of your superior, who is also a shareholder in the company. (a) State the ethical issues involved in the case. (b) Does this form of transaction between two private parties constitute a conflict of interest? Justify. (c) Evaluate the possible ways of awarding contracts in such a situation with their merits and demerits. Also state which method would be more suitable in each situation. (20 Marks)
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