9 Nov 2017 | Prelims Daily with Previous Year Questions & Tikdams

Q.1) With reference to the ‘National Air Quality Index (AQI)’, consider the following statements:
1. It was launched by the Ministry of Science and Technology.
2. It was lauched under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) Neither 1 nor 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 only
(d) Both 1 and 2

Q.2) With reference to the ‘Environment Pollution and Prevention Control Authority (EPCA)’, consider the following statements:
1. It is a an SC mandated body.
2. It has enforced GRAP(graded response action plan (GRAP)) before Diwali
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) Neither 1 nor 2
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) 1 only

Q.3) Recently, a new species, Musa paramjitiana, of a wild fruit have been discovered in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is a species of
(a) Banana
(b) Apple
(c) Pineapple
(d) Olives

Q.4) Which of the following Stock Exchanges comes under the definition of ‘Secondary Markets’?
3. NSE(India)
Select the correct option using the codes given below.
a) All of the above
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 3 only
d) None qualifies the definition of ‘Secondary Markets

Q.5) Consider the following:
1. Banking
2. Agriculture
3. Defence
Which of the above are part of Union list as a part of seventh schedule of constitution?
a) 3 only
b) 1 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.6) With reference to micro irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct ?
1. Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.
2. It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming
3. In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
a) 1 only .
b) 2 and 3 only .
c) 1 and 3 only.
d) 1,2 and 3

Q.7) With reference to the period of colonial rule in India, “Home Charges ” formed an important part of drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted “Home Charges” ?
1. Funds used to support the India office in London.
2. Funds used to pay salaries and pensions of British personnel engaged in India.
3. Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British.
a) 1 only.
b) 1 and 2 only.
c) 2 and 3 only.
d) 1,2,and 3

Q.8) What was the reason for mahatma Gandhi to organize a satyagraha on behalf of the peasants off Kheda ?
1. The administration did not suspend the land revenue collection in spite of a drought.
2. The administration proposed to introduce permanent settlement in Gujarat.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
a) 1 only.
b) 2 only.
c) Both 1 and 2.
d) Neither 1 nor 2.


(1). Answer: (b)
The Minister for Environment, Forests & Climate Change Shri Prakash Javadekar launched The National Air Quality Index (AQI) in New Delhi on 17 September 2014 under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. It is outlined as ‘One Number- One Colour-One Description’ for the common man to judge the air quality within his vicinity. The index constitutes part of the Government’s mission to introduce the culture of cleanliness. Institutional and infrastructural measures are being undertaken in order to ensure that the mandate of cleanliness is fulfilled across the country and the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change proposed to discuss the issues concerned regarding quality of air with the Ministry of Human Resource Development in order to include this issue as part of the sensitisation programme in the course curriculum.

(2). Answer: (c)
In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-sections (1) and (3) of section 3 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986) (hereinafter referred to as the said Act), the Central government hereby constitutes an authority to be known as the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority for the National Capital Region (hereinafter referred to as the Authority).
EPCA is a SC-mandated body. The EPCA also enforced GRAP two days before Diwali

(3). Answer: (a)
A new species of wild bananas have been discovered in Andaman and Nicobar Islands (the islands are a biodiversity hotspot). The species was found in North Andaman’s Krishnapuri forest, six kilometers from any human habitation. The latest discovery, published in the Nordic Journal of Botany, is a species of wild banana named Musa paramjitiana. This is in honor of Paramjit Singh, who happens to be the director of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI)

(4). Answer: (a)
The secondary market is where investors buy and sell securities they already own. It is what most people typically think of as the “stock market,” though stocks are also sold on the primary market when they are first issued. The national exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the NASDAQ, are secondary markets.

(5). Answer: (c)
Banking and defence are part of Union list while Agriculture is a part of state list.

(6). Answer: (c)
The first statement is correct because with Micro irrigation, Fertigation can be used to check the loss of the nutrients. The second statement is incorrect. The third statement is correct, because Micro irrigation has evolved from the subirrigation where irrigation water is supplied to the plant by “raising the water table” up to the root zone.

(7). Answer: (b)
It is clear from Economic History of India by RC Datt: ” The Indian Tribute whether weighted in the scales of justice or viewed in the light of our interest, will be found to be at variance with humanity, with the commonsense and with the received maxims of economical science. It would be true wisdom then to provide for the future payment of such of the Home Charges of the Indian Government as really from the tribute out of Indian Exchequer. These charges would be probably found to be the dividends on East India Stock, interest in Home debt, the salari es of the officers, establishments of the and building connected with the Home Department of Indian Government, furlough and retired pay to members of the Indian Military and Civil Services when at Home, Charges of all descriptions paid in this country connected with the British troops serving in India and portion of the cost of transporting the British troops to and from India”.

(8). Answer: (a)
However, a famine had struck the district and a large part of Gujarat, and virtually destroyed the agrarian economy. The poor peasants had barely enough to feed themselves, but the British government of the Bombay Presidency insisted that the farmers not only pay full taxes, but also pay the 23% increase stated to take effect that year.


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