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Daily AWE

1st November 2019 | Daily Answer Writing Enhancement

ANNOUNCEMENT – There is a change in format. Students will now have to post answers on the questions page separately by clicking on the links given below. We plan to track progress for each of the GS papers and to achieve the same, this modification becomes important. Students who are unable to post answers, please email hello@civilsdaily.com. You will receive a resolution for sure. 


Question 1)

Discuss the Key Features of the Mughal Paintings? How did it reflect the contemporary socio-cultural and political realities? (15 Marks)

Question 2)

A law is the last tool needed, to curb the menace of lynching. Discuss. (15 Marks)

Question 3)

What are the challenges in taxing digital spaces? What steps are taken in this direction? (15 Marks)

Question 4)

Are laws enough to promote ethical behavior? Explain with examples. (15 marks)

 

Reviews will be provided in a week. (In the order of submission- First come first serve basis). In case the answer is submitted late the review period may get extended to two weeks.

*In case your answer is not reviewed in a week, reply to your answer saying *NOT CHECKED*. If Parth Sir’s tag is available then tag him.

For the philosophy of AWE and payment, check  here: Click2Join

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Announcements Daily AWE

Study Plan For The Upcoming AWE Program

 

Many students do see a value in practicing questions every day. It keeps the momentum going and incrementally builds a database of questions and answers that can be used for Mains.  So we have created a truly effective program.

We have come up with a 90 days plan through which you will be able to cover your GS mains syllabus twice while giving proper time to GS paper 4 as well, along with more than 30 case studies. Like before, we will ask 4 questions every day covering the GS 1,2,3,4. Questions will cover both contemporary and static parts. 

The program will operate on the Weekdays. This was requested by the students themselves. We believe being regular for 5 days is a decent enough challenge. Moreover, Saturdays and Sundays off allowing students to contribute to other programs. 

The above system leads to questions being submitted in the last week of every month and we require time to wrap those up. Hence, we will not be posting any questions from the 27th of each month. The last few days will be exclusively reserved for clearing the backlog of reviews. 

Monthly Rs. 1k + taxes: Click2Join (bi-monthly payments accepted)

 

So, here is the detailed plan for the next  3 months:

  • Question number 1 will cover your static parts of papers 1.
  • Question numbers 2 and 3 will cover your GS papers 2 and 3 with a focus on current affairs, linking it to the static portions.
  • Question number 4 will cover Paper 4, i.e. ethics. One week we will cover static portions from that paper while subsequent week, it will be solely focusing on case studies. The same process will follow every alternate week for question number 4.

November 2019

Date and Day

Question 1

Question 4

1st November, Friday Indian culture covering the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture. Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
4th November, Monday Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present. Human Values
5th November, Tuesday The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. Attitude
6th November, Wednesday Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
7h November, Thursday History of the world including events from the 18th century.  Emotional intelligence concepts.
8th November, Friday Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and effect on the society. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
11th November, Monday Indian Society and Diversity of India. Case Studies
12th November, Tuesday Role of women and women’s organization. Case Studies
13th November, Wednesday Population and associated issues, poverty, and developmental issues. Case Studies
14th November, Thursday Urbanization, their problems, and their remedies. Case Studies
15th November, Friday Effects of globalization on Indian society. Case Studies
18th November, Monday Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration.
19th November, Tuesday Salient features of the world’s physical geography. Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions.
20th November, Wednesday Distribution of key natural resources across the world. Laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance.
21st November, Thursday Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries. Accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance.
22nd November, Friday Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc. Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
25th November, Monday Changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. Case Studies
26th November, Tuesday Indian culture covering the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture. Case Studies
27th November, Wednesday Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present. Case Studies

 

December 2019

Date Question 1 Question 4
2nd December, Monday The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity.
3rd December, Tuesday Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information.
4th December, Wednesday History of the world including events from the 18th century.  Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters. 
5th December, Thursday Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and effect on the society. Work culture, Quality of service delivery.
6th December, Friday Indian Society and Diversity of India. Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
9th December, Monday Role of women and women’s organization. Case Studies
10th December, Tuesday Population and associated issues, poverty, and developmental issues. Case Studies
11th December, Wednesday Urbanization, their problems, and their remedies. Case Studies
12th December, Thursday Effects of globalization on Indian society. Case Studies
13th December, Friday Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. Case Studies
16th December, Monday Salient features of the world’s physical geography. Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
17th December, Tuesday Distribution of key natural resources across the world. Human Values
18th December, Wednesday Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries. Attitude
19th December, Thursday Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
20th December, Friday Changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. Emotional intelligence concepts.
23rd December, Monday Indian culture covering the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
24th December, Tuesday Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present. Case Studies
25th December, Wednesday The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. Case Studies
26th December, Thursday Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. Case Studies
27th December, Friday History of the world including events from the 18th century.  Case Studies

 

January 2020

Date Question 1 Question 4
1st January, Wednesday Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and effect on the society. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration.
2nd January, Thursday Indian Society and Diversity of India. Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions.
3rd January, Friday Role of women and women’s organization. Laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance.
6th January, Monday Population and associated issues, poverty, and developmental issues. Case Studies
7th January, Tuesday Urbanization, their problems, and their remedies. Case Studies
8th January, Wednesday Effects of globalization on Indian society. Case Studies
9th January, Thursday Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. Case Studies
10th January, Friday Salient features of the world’s physical geography. Case Studies
13th January, Monday Distribution of key natural resources across the world. Accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance.
14th January, Tuesday Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries. Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
15th January, Wednesday Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc. Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity.
16th January, Thursday Changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information.
17th January, Friday Indian culture covering the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture. Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters. 
20th January, Monday Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present. Case Studies
21st January, Tuesday The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. Case Studies
22nd January, Wednesday Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. Case Studies
23rd January, Thursday History of the world including events from the 18th century.  Case Studies
24th January, Friday Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and effect on the society. Case Studies
27th January, Monday Indian Society and Diversity of India. Work culture, Quality of service delivery.


Monthly Rs. 1k + taxes: Click2Join 
(bi-monthly payments accepted)

 

This is how our review system works:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Get ready for upcoming September Current Affairs Prelims Test on 26th October- sample questions highlighting our methodology

Click here to enroll for the Prime Prelims TS

Dear students,

31st May 2020 is the D-day for all civil service aspirants.

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the ax.”

This quote by Abraham Lincoln sums up how one should prepare for that day. So before entering the battlefield alone should have enough practice. Our Prime Prelims Test series which shall enrich you to acquaint yourself with the pattern of CSE-2020, assess your abilities, rectify your mistakes and make you confident to appear on the examination day.

Our Prime Prelims Test Series follows the same approach as that adopted by UPSC. Our team of experts is quite enriched with the UPSC pattern and focal point of the questions and hence creates more chances for the aspirants to crack civil service examination by appearing our Test Series.

The key philosophy of our prelims TS is Evidence-based question making: The 3600 questions you face in our mocks have their relevance established in UPSC’s trend analysis. We focus on themes that are important as per UPSC so that we maximize your chances of questions overlap with the actual UPSC Prelims.

Nothing speaks more than the facts itself rather than a mere jargon. Here is a list of 5 sample questions from the upcoming test which will help you in identifying the standards and approach we follow. (you can skip this if you want to attempt these directly in the test). 

Noone but only you can assess how it will help you in being the top percentile of aspirants. You have to practice ruthlessly and civils Daily provides you with a platform to hone your skills.

Q.1) With reference to International science projects, consider the following:

  1. Large Hadron Collider (LHC)– The God Particle
  2. Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) – The World’s Most Advanced Telescope
  3. International-Thermonuclear-Experimental-Reactor (ITER) – Fusion Energy
  4. Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) – Antiproton and Ion Research

Which of the above projects have India’s active participation?

a. 1 only

b. 2 and 3 only

c. 1, 3 and 4 only

d. All of them

 

Q.2) Project ANDREX is in news related to:

a. the finding of biological carbon pump in the Antarctic ocean

b. the discovery and confirmation of methane on the surface of Mars

c. climate change impact in the Arctic ice sheets

d. None of the above

 

Q.3) Consider the following pairs regarding Water Harvesting Practices:

Practices                                        States

1. Mission Kakatiya                  Telangana

2. Pani Panchayat                    Jharkhand

3. Jalyukta Shivar Abhiyan   Gujarat

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

a. 1 only

b. 2 and 3 only

c. 1 and 3 only

d. All of them

 

Q.4) The following statements describe which of the given places in the options?

1. It lies on the Coromandel Coast which faces the Bay of Bengal.

2. It is also known as Seven Pagodas.

3. The entire assemblage of monuments of this town collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a. Puri

b. Kakinada

c. Mamallapuram

d. Madurai

 

Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to Eastern Economic Forum (EEF)

1. It was established to support the economic development of eastern countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

2. India participated in the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) that was held in Vladivostok, Russia.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both of them

d. Neither of them

Categories
Announcements

Get ready for upcoming Environment and Biodiversity Prelims Test on 19th October- sample questions highlighting our methodology

Click here to enroll for the Prime Prelims TS

Dear students,

31st May 2020 is the D-day for all civil service aspirants.

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the ax.”

This quote by Abraham Lincoln sums up how one should prepare for that day. So before entering the battlefield alone should have enough practice. Our Prime Prelims Test series which shall enrich you to acquaint yourself with the pattern of CSE-2020, assess your abilities, rectify your mistakes and make you confident to appear on the examination day.

Our Prime Prelims Test Series follows the same approach as that adopted by UPSC. Our team of experts is quite enriched with the UPSC pattern and focal point of the questions and hence creates more chances for the aspirants to crack civil service examination by appearing our Test Series.

The key philosophy of our prelims TS is Evidence-based question making: The 3600 questions you face in our mocks have their relevance established in UPSC’s trend analysis. We focus on themes that are important as per UPSC so that we maximize your chances of questions overlap with the actual UPSC Prelims.

Nothing speaks more than the facts itself rather than a mere jargon. Here is a list of 5 sample questions from the upcoming test which will help you in identifying the standards and approach we follow. (you can skip this if you want to attempt these directly in the test). 

Noone but only you can assess how it will help you in being the top percentile of aspirants. You have to practice ruthlessly and civils Daily provides you with a platform to hone your skills.

Q.1) Which of the following are the likely consequences of an increase in the concentration of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?

  1. There would be an increase in the rate of photosynthesis in the plants
  2. Nitrogen fixation in root nodules will be increased
  3. There would be an increase in rate of transpiration

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a. 1 and 3 only

b. 2 and 3 only

c. 1 and 2 only

d. All of them

 

Q.2) With reference to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), consider the following statements:

  1. It aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
  2. It was adopted under the aegis of members of IUCN.
  3. It is legally binding on the Parties and take the place of national laws.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 1 and 2 only

c. 2 and 3 only

d. All of the

 

Q.3) Which of the following is/are sources of soil pollution?

  1. Fly ash from thermal power plants
  2. Use of inorganic fertilizers in agriculture
  3. Dumping of hospital organic wastes
  4. Incineration and pyrolysis

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a. 1 and 3 only

b. 2 and 4 only.

c. 2 and 3 only

d. All of them

 

Q.4) Consider the following statements regarding Biodiversity Hotspot:

  1. A Biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a rich pool of biodiversity that threatened by the human.
  2. The Western Ghats, the Eastern Ghats, the Western Himalayas, and the Eastern Himalayas are the only 4 Biodiversity hotspots in India.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both of them

d. Neither of them

 

Q.5) Which of the following are the effects of Global warming?

  1. The clashing of warm and cold fronts would result in more violent weather.
  2. Due to warming, more water will be evaporated from seas leading to consistent high rainfall.
  3. Agricultural productivity of temperate regions will decline.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a. 1 and 2 only

b. 1 and 3 only

c. 2 and 3 only

d. All of them

 

 

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Prelims Daily

7th October 2019 | Prelims Daily with Previous Year Questions

Dear students,

1. In the comments section, share your score and also let everyone know the logic you’ve used to mark certain answers. This will trigger intelligent discussions benefitting everyone.

2. Completing the test should be your top priority. Focus on accuracy rather than simply attempting more questions. Give enough thought to each question, we have increased the time limit so you can do this.

3. At the end of the test, click on ‘View Questions’ button to check the solutions.

*You can attempt the test multiple times for your own practice but only your first attempt will be counted for rankings.

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Prelims Daily

2nd October 2019 | Prelims Daily with Previous Year Questions

Dear students,

1. In the comments section, share your score and also let everyone know the logic you’ve used to mark certain answers. This will trigger intelligent discussions benefitting everyone.

2. Completing the test should be your top priority. Focus on accuracy rather than simply attempting more questions. Give enough thought to each question, we have increased the time limit so you can do this.

3. At the end of the test, click on ‘View Questions’ button to check the solutions.

*You can attempt the test multiple times for your own practice but only your first attempt will be counted for rankings.

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Philosophy Optional Question Paper UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam 2019

Paper 1

Paper 2

 

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Sociology Optional Question Paper UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam 2019

Paper 1

 

Paper 2

 

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Political Science and International Relations (PSIR) Optional Paper UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam 2019

Paper 1

Paper 2

 

 

 

Categories
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History Optional Question Paper UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019

Paper 1

 

Paper 2

 

 

 

Public Administration Optional Question Paper UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019

Paper 1

 

Paper 2

 

 

 

Anthropology Optional Question Paper UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019

Paper 1

 

 

Paper 2

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Geography Optional Question Paper UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019

Paper 1

 

 

Paper 2

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Law Optional Question Paper UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019

Paper 1

 

 

Paper 2

 

Categories
Daily AWE

Break for Daily AWE Program in the month of October

Daily Answer Writing Enhancement Program is taking a break for a month.

It is actually a break for all of you aspirants!! Taking breaks helps you stay focused over long periods of time. Breaks can help you retain information in memory (important for studying or writing answers etc.) Taking short breaks every now and then help you re-focus on your big-picture goals.

Therefore, we want you to work upon the strengths while improving upon the weakness in the given break. Revise your static portions of the syllabus of all GS papers so that when we reconvene in November, you are better prepared in your pursuit for your name in the final list of selected candidates on the UPSC website.

See you folks in November. Till then be Citius, Altius, Fortius!!

Categories
Prelims Daily

30th September 2019 | Prelims Daily with Previous Year Questions

Dear students,

1. In the comments section, share your score and also let everyone know the logic you’ve used to mark certain answers. This will trigger intelligent discussions benefitting everyone.

2. Completing the test should be your top priority. Focus on accuracy rather than simply attempting more questions. Give enough thought to each question, we have increased the time limit so you can do this.

3. At the end of the test, click on ‘View Questions’ button to check the solutions.

*You can attempt the test multiple times for your own practice but only your first attempt will be counted for rankings.

Categories
Daily AWE

25th September 2019 | Daily Answer Writing Enhancement

ANNOUNCEMENT – There is a change in format. Students will now have to post answers on the questions page separately by clicking on the links given below. We plan to track progress for each of the GS papers and to achieve the same, this modification becomes important. Students who are unable to post answers, please email hello@civilsdaily.com. You will receive a resolution for sure. 


Question 1)

Beginning with small means, then suddenly astonishing the world by its dazzling promise, the venture of the French in India was destined to end thus early in humiliation and failure. Discuss. (250 Words)

 

Question 2)

Without a systematic adoption of the Circular Economy, managing waste will be an insurmountable problem. (250 Words)

Question 3)

For India, climate action is not just a necessity, but an emergency. Discuss. (250 Words)

Question 4)

Corruption is an important manifestation of the failure of ethics. Discuss. Also, suggest ways to reduce corruption in government offices. (250 Words)

Reviews will be provided in a week for. (In the order of submission- First come first serve basis). In case the answer is submitted late the review period may get extended to two weeks.

*In case your answer is not reviewed in a week, reply to your answer saying *NOT CHECKED*. If Parth Sir’s tag is available then tag him.

For the philosophy of AWE and payment, check  here: Click2Join

Categories
Daily AWE

24th September 2019 | Daily Answer Writing Enhancement

ANNOUNCEMENT – There is a change in format. Students will now have to post answers on the questions page separately by clicking on the links given below. We plan to track progress for each of the GS papers and to achieve the same, this modification becomes important. Students who are unable to post answers, please email hello@civilsdaily.com. You will receive a resolution for sure. 


Question 1)

Any single idea of the country is neither necessary nor sufficient for maintaining the unity of India. Comment. (250 Words)

 

Question 2)

 Discuss the challenges to the effectiveness of the Paris Climate agreement? (250 Words)

Question 3)

Why do you think laws fail beyond a point? Discuss the relevance of ‘nudge’ to bring effective implementation of laws and programs. (250 Words)

Question 4)

Albert Einstein has said – “try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value.” Discuss this statement with its relevance in the present context. (250 Words)

Reviews will be provided in a week for. (In the order of submission- First come first serve basis). In case the answer is submitted late the review period may get extended to two weeks.

*In case your answer is not reviewed in a week, reply to your answer saying *NOT CHECKED*. If Parth Sir’s tag is available then tag him.

For the philosophy of AWE and payment, check  here: Click2Join

Categories
Announcements

UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019 GS 4 Question Paper

Dear Students,

We will be releasing the list of repeated questions from our test series shortly. The paper seemed somewhat straightforward. Many questions were derived from current affairs.

Click here to get in touch and discuss how you can get an edge in your preparation. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are Twelve Questions divided in 2 SectionsAll Questions are Compulsory.

 

SECTION A

Q1.

(a) What are the basic principles of public life? Illustrate any three with suitable examples. (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) What do you understand by the term ‘public servant’? Reflect on the expected role of public servant.  (150 words) (10 marks)

Q2.

(a) Effective utilization of public finds is crucial to meet development goals. Critically examine the reasons for under- utilization and mis- utilization of public funds and their implications. (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) “Non-performance of duty by a public servant is a form of corruption”. Do you agree with this view? Justify your answer (150 words) (10 marks)

Q3.

(a) What is meant by the term ‘constitutional morality’? How does one uphold constitutional morality? (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) What is meant by ‘crisis of conscience’? How does it manifest in the public domain? (150 words) (10 marks)

Q4.

(a) Explain the basic principles of citizens’ charter movement and bring out its importance. (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) There is a view that the official secrets act is an obstacle to the implementation of Rights to Information act. Do you agree with the view? Discuss (150 words) (10 marks)

Q5.

(a) What do you understand by probity in governance? Based on your understanding of the term, suggest measures for ensuring probity in government. (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) “Emotional Intelligence is the ability to make your emotions work for you instead of against you.” Do you agree with this view? Discuss. (150 words) (10 marks)

Q6. What do each of the following quotations mean to you?

(a) “An unexamined life is not worth living.” – Socrates (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) “A man is but the product of his thoughts. What he thinks, he becomes.” – M.K.Gandhi (150 words) (10 marks)

(c) “Where there is righteousness in the heart, there is beauty in the character. When there is beauty in the character, there is harmony in the home. When there is harmony in the home, there is order in the nation. When there is order in the nation, there is peace in the world.” – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (150 words) (10 marks)

 

SECTION B: Case studies 

Q7. You are the heading the rescue operations in a area affected by severe natural calamity, thousands of people are rendered homeless and deprived of food, drinking water and other basic amenities. Rescue work has been disrupted by heavy rainfall and damaged to supply routes. The local people are seeding with anger against the delayed limited rescue operations. When your team reaches the affected area, the people there heckle and even assault some of the team members. One of your team member is even severely injured. Faced with this crisis some team member plead with you to call off the operations freeing threats to their life.

In such trying circumstances, what will be your response? Examine the qualities of a public servant which will be required to manage the situations. (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q8. Honesty and uprightness are the hallmarks of a civil servants. Civil servants possessing these qualities are considered as a back bone of any strong organizations. In line of duty, they take various decisions, at time some become bonafide mistakes. As long as such decisions, are not taken intentionally and do not benefit personally, the officer cannot be said to be guilty. Though such decisions may, at times, lead to unforeseen adverse consequences in the long term.

In the recent past, a few instances have surfaced where in civil servants has been implicated for bonafide mistakes. They have often been prosecuted and even imprisoned. These instances have greatly rattled the moral fiber of the civil servants.

How does this trend affect the functioning of civil services? What measures can be taken to ensure that honest civil servants are not implicated for bonafide mistakes on their part? Justify your answer. (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q9. An apparel manufacturing company having large number of women employees was losing sales due to various factors. The company hired a reputed marketing executive, who increased the volume of sales within a short span of time. However, some unconfirmed reports came up regarding his indulgence in sexual harassment at the work place.

 After sometime a women employee launched a formal complaint to the management against the marketing executive about sexually harassing her. Faced with the companies’ indifference, in not taking cognisance of her grievances, she lodged an FIR with police.

 Realizing the sensitivity and gravity of the situation, the company called the women employee to negotiate. In that she was offered a hefty sum of money to withdraw the complaint and the FIR and also give in writing that the marketing executive is not involved in the case.

Identify the ethical issues involved in this case. What options are available to the women employee? (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q10. In a modern democratic polity there is a concept of political executive and permanent executive elected people’s representatives forms the political executive and bureaucracy forms the permanent executive. Ministers frame policy decisions and bureaucrats execute these. In the initial decades after independence, relationship between the permanent executives and the political executives were characterized by mutual understanding, respect, and cooperation, without encroaching upon each other’s domain.

However, in the subsequent decades the situation has changed. There are instances of the political executive insisting upon the permanent executives to follow its agenda. Respect for an appreciation of an upright bureaucrats has declined. There is an increasing tendency among the political executive to get involved in routine administrative matters such as transfers, posting etc. Under this scenario, there is a definitive trend towards ‘politicization of bureaucracy’. The raising materialism and acquisitiveness in social life has also adversely impacted upon the ethical values of both the permanent executive and the political executive.

What are the consequences of this ‘politicization of bureaucracy? Discuss.  (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q11. In one of the districts of a frontier state, narcotics menace has been rampant. This has results in money laundering, mushrooming of poppy farming, arms smuggling and near stalling of education. The system is on the verge of collapse. The situation has been further worsened by unconfirmed reports that local politicians as well as some senior police officers are providing surreptitious patronage to the drug mafia. At that point of time a woman police officer, known for her skills in handling such situations is appointed as superintendent of police to bring the situation to normalcy.

If you are the same police officer, identify the various dimensions of the crisis. Based on your understanding, suggest measures to deal with the crisis. (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q12. In recent times, there has been an increasing concern in India to develop effective civil service ethics, code of conduct, transparency measures, ethics and integrity systems and anti-corruption agencies. In view of this, there is need being felt to focus on three specific areas, which are directly relevant to the problems of internalizing integrity and ethics in the civil services. These are as follows:

1. Anticipating specific threats to ethical standards and integrity in the civil services,

2. Strengthening the ethical competence of civil servant and

3. Developing administrative processes and practices which promote ethical values and integrity in civil services.

Suggest institutional measures to address the above three issues. (250 words) (20 marks)

 

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UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019 GS 3 Question Paper