CAPF 2016 Polity Solutions and Analysis

Three quick points before solutions and analysis

  1. This is the solution and analysis of polity questions from CAPF 2016 conducted by UPSC couple of weeks back.
  2. Questions on political theories were also asked <they were asked last year too> but since such questions are not asked in CSE, they are not discussed
  3. Almost in fact all the questions can be solved after reading tit-bits and last 6 years solutions and analysis and some logic

1. Which one of the following is a characteristic of Presidential form of Government?
(a) President is not a part of legislative body
(b) It does not separate Legislative and Executive functions
(c) President follows the principle of collective responsibility
(d) The tenure of the President depends on the Legislature

  • Asked multiple times as characteristic of parliamentary form.
  • Complete separation of Legislature and executive. President not part of Legislature, minister not part of Legislature. Not accountable to Legislature
  • In parliamentary form, executive is the part of legislature as in India

Learning – Parliamentary v/s presidential form of govt, advantages  disadvantages

  1. Which one of the following Articles of the Constitution of India contains provisions for the abolition and creation of Legislative Councils?
    (a) Article 171
    (b) Article 169
    (c) Article 356
    (d) Article 182

Article number but very important . We covered it in titbit.

Learning – provisions under art 169, Legilsative councils v/s RAjya Sabha, States having legislative councils

  1. The provision under Article 51A of the Constitution of India relates to the :
    (a) uniform civil code for the citizens
    (b) orginsation of village panchayats
    (c) right to education
    (d) fundamental duties
  • Very simple. Covered in titbit.
  • Has been asked multiple times, FRs, FDs, DPSPs and Preamble is very very imp

Learning – Learn  FRs, FDs, DPSPs and Preamble by heart

  1. The Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir came into force on :
    (a) 15 August 1946
    (b) 15 August 1947
    (c) 26 January 1950
    (d) 26 January 1957

You only needed to know, it came into force after Indian constitution came into force. Only one such option

Learning – article 370, amendment of article 370, Governor’s rule v/s president’s rule

  1. Which of the following statements regarding the Constituent Assembly are correct?
    1. It was not based on adult franchise
    2. It is resulted from direct election
    3. It was a multi part body
    4. It worked through several committees
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:
    (a) 1, 2 and 4 only
    (b) 2 and 3 only
    (c) 1 and 4 only
    (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
  • 4 is definitely correct as we know about drafting committee, committee on fundamental rights
  • 2 is definitely incorrect as there were indirect elections by members of provincial legislative assembly <asked multiple times, discussed in CSE polity analysis
  • eliminate 2, include 4, answer 1 and 4 only

Learning – election to constituent assembly, cabinet mission plan, chairpersons of important committees

6. Who among the following may be the Chairman of the Zila Parishad?
(a) Chief Miniester
(b) District Collector
(c) Member of Parliament in the Distric
(d) Elected from its own members

  • 73rd and 74th amendment very important as we discussed before
  • 1st 3 options are anyway bogus
  • CEO is an IAS officer but he / she is not district collector either

Learning – Direct election v/s election from among st members for chairperson of 3 tiers of rural and urban local bodies, district planning committee, metropolitan planning committee

  1. Which one of the following is not a feature of Indian federalism?
    (a) Every State Government has powers of its own
    (b) Courts have the power to interpret the Constitution and the powers of different levels of government
    (c) States are subordinate to the Central Government
    (d) Sources of revenue for each level of  Government are clearly specified

States are not subordinate in federal set up but derive their power from constitution

Learning – Unitary features of Indian federalism, Parliament power to legislate on state list

  1. Which one of the following statements regarding Human Rights is not correct?
    (a) Human Rights derive their inspiration from moral principles
    (b) They are applicable subject to their adoption by States
    (c) The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights was adopted by the United Nations
    in the year 1948
    (d) The universalism of Human Rights is challenged by the cultural relativists
  • A,b are easily correct.
  • D is also correct as cultural relativist would believe in different rights for different culture and thus challenge universalism of human rights.
  • C is the only option left which should be incorrect
  • International Covenant on civil and political rights was adopted in 1966 and came into force in 1976

Learning – Bill of human rights, UN human rights council v/s UN human rights committee

  1. The theory of Separation of Powers is a division of powers between:
    (a) Central and State Governments
    (b) Different branches of Government
    (c) the polity and the economy
    (d) state and local governments
  • Discussed in titbit.
  • Separation of power is separation among different branches of government. Among Legislature, executive and judiciary

Learning – Theory of Separation of power v/s theory of checks and balances, doctrine of color able legislation v/s doctrine of pith and substance

  1. The Tenth Schedule to the Constitution of India relates to :
    (a) the provisions relating to the formation of District Councils
    (b) the land reforms
    (c) the States and Union Territories
    (d) the anti-defection law.

Asked multiple times

Learning – 52nd and 85th amendment, authority adjudicating anti defection law, role of Election commissioner in anti defection law, role of EC in disqualification 

11. The amending power of the Parliament is set forth in which one of the following Articles of the Constitution of India?
(a) Article 368
(b) Article 360
(c) Article 13(2)
(d) Article 370

Easy article. Covered in titbits

Learn – Amendment by simple majority v/s special majority v/s special plus half the states

12. With regard to a Constitution Amendment Bill, which one of the following statements is not correct?
(a) The Speaker of Lok Sabha can call a joint sitting of both the Houses to pass the Bill
(b) Each House needs to pass the Bill separately by a prescribed special majority
(c) The Bill can be introduced in either House Parliment
(d) The Bill can be sponsored by a private member

  • Covered in titbits
  • Both houses have to pass the bill separately
  • No joint sitting for money bill and constitution amendment bill

Learning – Constitution amendment bill and 24th amendment, basic structure doctrine

13. ‘Cut Motion’ can be introduced after the presentation of :
(a) any Bill introduced in the Parliament
(b) the Railway and General Budgets
(c) any Private Member’s Bill
(d) a Constitution Amendment Bill

  • Covered in titbit
  • Cut the budget

Learning – Different types of cut motion, Guillotine

  1. Consider the following statements about the Morley – Minto reforms of 1909 :
    1. They were named after the British Parliamentarians, Minto and Morley
    2. They Provided for limited self government by increasing the number of elected Indians in the Legislative Councils
    3. They contained provisions that ensured that British officials retained their majority in the
    Imperial Legislative Council
    Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
    (a) 1 only
    (b) 2 and 3 only
    (c) 1 and 3 only
    (d) 1, 2 and 3
  • Covered in titbits
  • Morley secretary of state, thus parliamentarian as parliamentary form of govt in Britain.
  • Minto viceroy thus not parliamentarian.
  • Eliminate statement 1, reach the conclusion

Learning – Morley Minto reform, Montagu Chelmsford reform,  GOI act 1935, cabinet mission plan

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By Dr V

Doctor by Training | AIIMSONIAN | Factually correct, Politically not so much | Opinionated? Yes!

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5 years ago

Can we have the PDF version of online test series before appearing exam?

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5 years ago

We conduct exam online because of the mentorship involved. You will be getting the PDFs after your test is over. Kindly call on 8929987787 if you need to discuss further. We will help you out.


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