Answer the following questions: (a) Discuss few criterias used to define a trait as positive? (b) How does optimism work and what positive functions does it serve?(250 words)

Traits are internal characteristics that define an individual. They influence the meanings we give to life events, the goals we select, and the actions we take.

• The criteria are discussed below:
(a) Examine whether a particular individual characteristic enhances or diminishes a person’s level of happiness. A positive quality may increase the experience of positive emotions, decrease negative emotions, or increase life satisfaction.
(b) From the eudaimonic well-being point of view, Positive qualities are those that enhance mental health, foster high-quality relations with others, and contribute to success in meeting life’s many challenges. This lead to contented life.
(c) The trait should showcase the virtuous behavior and strength of character, as defined by religion and culture. Examples of traits defining people of good character include modesty, humility, kindness, forgiveness, bravely, and integrity. Character strengths may increase our life satisfaction and make life more meaningful and healthy.

Some of the positive traits are:
• Benevolence: Giving to others basic needs without having as my motive personal reward.
• Boldness: Confidence that what I have to say or do is true, right, and just.
• Compassion: Investing whatever is necessary to heal the hurts of others.
• Contentment: Realizing that true happiness does not depend on material conditions.
• Creativity: Approaching a need, a task, or an idea from a new perspective.

Optimism is the belief that things will turn out well. It is the expectation that good things will come your way and that you have the ability to control the direction of your life. There are plenty of common phrases that capture the essence of optimism: “seeing the glass as half full, ”making lemonade out of lemons”, “every cloud has a silver lining.”

Each of these phrases captures the belief that optimism can transform a negative situation into something positive, and that optimism helps guide people to look for meaning in times of hardship.

The positive function does it serve are:
(a) It acts as a source of motivation as it projects that outcomes will be good.
(b) It is better at dealing with stress as they confront problems and try to solve them.
(c) It leads to creative problem solving, offset the effects of negative emotions, and increase the likelihood of social support from other people.

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Prakhar Bharadwaj
Prakhar Bharadwaj
3 years ago