(a) ‘Corruption’ ultimately makes democracy dysfunctional.
Corruption is offense on the part of an authority or powerful party through means that are illegitimate, immoral, or incompatible with ethical standards. Corruption is a cancer that weakens the very root of democracy.
It starts from a smaller level gradually progressing to higher levels in the government. Public servants who are ultimately accountable to the people fail to realize their duties and responsibilities thus ailing the whole process of democracy.
For a democratic set up to succeed, it is very important that public functionaries (both temporary and permanent executives) should perform their functions not only efficiently but honestly also.
If the people in the government start practicing corruption, it destroys the basic principles of democracy.
The corruption undermines the efforts of governments across the globe to tackle problems such as political stability, health and welfare, sustainable economic development, international trade and investment, climate change and poverty.
(b) Progressive decline in standards of ‘Public Duty’
Public servants should always keep in mind their public duty because they get position, power, and authority as a trust from the people. The public duty is the responsibility of the civil servants and they must perform it with honesty and efficiency.
The public officials should not treat their office only as a vocation. They must realize they are the holders of public trust and they should perform their duty with honesty and integrity.
The decline in the standards of the public duty undermines the basic values like commitment, devotion to duty and integrity in public affairs. It is important that the civil servants perform their duty with utmost honesty and integrity.