Identify the regions being impacted by desertification in India. Bringing out the major reasons for it, analyse the effectiveness of steps taken to combat it.(250 Words)

Mentors Comments:

Write a basic definition of desertification in introduction.

Then try to bring out areas/regions being impacted by it in India.

Then elaborate some of the major reasons for increasing desertification in India.

Finally give the steps take so far in combating it and analyse the effectiveness of those steps.

Answer:
Desertification is land degradation in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities.

In India, a rough estimate by environmental reports tells that nearly 30% area i.e. 96.4 MHA out of 328.72 MHA is degraded or facing desertification. In eight states, Rajasthan, Delhi, Goa, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Nagaland, Tripura and Himachal Pradesh- around 40% to 70% of land has undergone desertification. Twenty-six out of Twenty- nine states have reported an increase in the area undergoing desertification in the past 10 years.

Desertification occurs due to both anthropogenic and natural factors which can be summarized as the following:
Soil erosion due to land and water: It is responsible for around 16% of desertification in India. Even mining leads to erosion of soil nutrients. Vegetation destruction by deforestation and overgrazing to accommodate the need of growing population, accelerates desertification.
Farming Practices: Agricultural activities in the vulnerable ecosystems along with excess use of water, fertilizers and pesticides leads to erosion of nutrients, increase in salinity resulting into desertification.
Urbanization and land development projects: These put huge pressure on land which is expected to grow further in future.
Climate Change: As the days get warmer and periods of drought become more frequent, desertification becomes more and more eminent.

India being a signatory to UNCCD has taken many steps to combat desertification such as:
National Action Programme to Combat Desertification, Integrated Watershed Management Programme, National Afforestation Programme, Fodder and Feed Development Scheme etc.

However, the gradual increment of desertification shows that steps taken by the government have not been very effective. This can be attributed to reasons such as shortage and weakness of institutional and human capacity, lack of dedicated funds, need of coordination among concerned ministries, disproportionate attention to planning than implementation etc. Thus, government intervention needs to be streamlined with equal focus on both curative and preventive measures, which needs to be then periodically reviewed to check the impact on desertification.

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sourav singh
sourav singh
3 years ago
sourav singh
sourav singh
3 years ago
Reply to  sourav singh

Not checked

project _osiris
project _osiris
3 years ago

1

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Parth Verma
Editor
3 years ago

Hi project Osiris
In the intro or after it, briefly mention what is Desertification.
Points like Variability in Monsoon and El Nino are similar. So do not repeat points.
In the 1st part, do mention Government of India report regarding areas affected by desertification and mention some stats as well.
What are the man made features responsible for desertification.
Good that you discussed the impact of the phenomenon.
Answer ends abruptly. Include conclusion in your answer.
Also mention what more needs to be done by various stakeholders.

Marks
3
Borne
Borne
3 years ago

Please Review

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Parth Verma
Editor
3 years ago
Reply to  Borne

Hi Mud Borne
Your discourse is quite good and you have covered all the major facets.
But do mention some of the natural factors like lack of sufficient rains or increased temperature etc in the discussion related to the reasons for desertification.
Apart from that, everything is well placed and well explained.

Marks
5
Aswath
Aswath
3 years ago

How to add pic to this session

Shashank Shekhar Shukla
Shashank Shekhar Shukla
3 years ago

MOJO9725D00D93764057

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Parth Verma
Editor
3 years ago

Hi Shashank
Remember, you ave 3 pages for 15 markers and 2 pages for 10 markers questions. So utilize pages according to that scheme.
Work on your presentation skills. Give some space between points and when changing the direction of the discussion then do highlight the sub heading.
Do not write like this. It is too cramped.
Your language is good. Use it with better presentation.
What are the reasons for desertification? You did not discussed it.
Whatever points you have discussed in answer are very good but some of the elements of discussion are missing from the answer.

Marks
2
Murari Jha
Murari Jha
3 years ago

q1
MOJO9708E00A65259027

Parth Verma
Editor
3 years ago
Reply to  Murari Jha

Hi Murari
In the 1st part, do mention Government of India report regarding areas affected by desertification and mention some stats as well.
2nd part is very comprehensive and well dealt.
But do mention some more steps needed in the conclusion. That will enhance your answer.
Apart from these couple of improvements, nothing wrong with the answer.

Marks
4
Sravya
Sravya
3 years ago

MOJO9616700A12539386

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Parth Verma
Editor
3 years ago
Reply to  Sravya

Hi Bandari,
Do not start right away in your intro.
Dont discuss reasons from there itself. Simply describe what is desertification. And then start discussing various elements from the main body.
You have briefly mentioned reasons after intro, and then again in detail, you have mentioned reasons. Avoid weak structuring in the answer. Repetition of any kind should be avoided.
Please use word “water” than writing H2O!!
Very good discussion in the reasons sub heading.
Again the discussion on the steps taken are good.
But answer ends abruptly without conclusion.
In your conclusion, you can mention what more needs to be done.

Marks
4
avani k
avani k
3 years ago

Q1

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Parth Verma
Editor
3 years ago
Reply to  avani k

Hi Avani
In the intro, also mention what is desertification.
Good use of diagram.
The discussion overall in the answer is very exhaustive and in depth.
Sub headings are good.
All in all very good attempt.

Marks
6