Q.2) Controversy over the Pegasus spyware has brought into focus the issue of the surveillance system. In light of this, discuss the issues with surveillance and the existing legal provisions allowing surveillance and its impact on the rights of the people. (10 Marks)

“Mentor’s Comments”

  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/surveillance-reform-is-the-need-of-the-hour/article35414371.ece
  • In the intro, mention the reason for the controversy over Pegasus.
  • In the body, mention the impacts such as violation of the right to privacy, freedom of speech and personal liberty, lack of judicial oversight, violation of the separation of power etc. In legal provisions mention the Indian Telegraph Act of 1885 and the Information Technology (IT) Act of 2000 and the Interception Rules of 2009 and issues such as opacity and lack of due process etc.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need for surveillance reforms
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