Q.2 How China’s military modernisation, nuclear expansion and strategic assertiveness underscores the need for new debate about India’s nuclear weapons policies? Suggest the way forward. (10 Marks)

Mentor’s comment-
  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/its-time-india-and-japan-rethink-their-nuclear-policy-8051160/
  • In the body, mention the use of nuclear threat by Russia during the Ukraine crisis.
  • In the body, mention factors that contributing to the need for rethink such as expansion and modernisation of nuclear arsenal by China, muscular approach to territorial dispute and reluctance of other countries in the Ukraine conflict due to the fear of nuclear armed adversary. In the suggestions mention review of the policy of minimum deterrence and no first use policy, development of more sophisticated nuclear warheads with the cooperation of the USA, reconsidering entrenched nuclear assumptions etc.
  • Conclude by mentioning that India needs to respond to the changes in global environment triggered by the rise of assertive China.
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