Q.2) The Covid-19 crisis has highlighted the many commonalities between all economically and occupationally vulnerable informal workers and seasonal/circular migrant workers and exposed the fault lines and gaps in the existing social protection system. In light of this, examine the shortcomings in the existing framework and suggest the measure to reduce their vulnerability. (10 Marks)

“Mentor’s Comments”

  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/migrant-and-informal-workers-must-have-social-security-7408494/
  • In the intro, briefly mention the migrant labour crisis after the first nationwide lockdown in the wake of covid pandemic.
  • In the body, first mention the shortcomings in the existing laws like the unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008. In the next part, suggest the need for adopting the recommendations of the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) which involves a universal registration mechanism based on self-declaration, social security package, comprehensive law, adoption of Recommendation 202 on social protection floor etc, increasing the investment in social protection etc. Also mention the Supreme Court judgement on the issue.
  • Conclude by mentioning the urgent need to recognise the enduring crisis for the workers, as well as the crisis for the economy and provide the right to social security, embedded both in the Indian Constitution and international covenants.
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