Q.2 The intra- and inter-basin transfer (IBT) of water is a major hydrological intervention to rectify the imbalance in water availability. However, IBTs raises larger questions about hydrological assumptions and the use and the management of freshwater resources in India. What are such assumptions and issues with the management of freshwater resources in India? (10 Marks)

Mentor’s comment-
  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/water-management-needs-a-hydro-social-approach/article65208277.ece
  • In the intro, mention the National River Linking project and provision made in Budget 2022 for the Ken Betwa river link project.
  • In the body mention the hydrological assumptions and issues such as contestation on surplus and deficit basin, capacity utilization in agriculture and industry and concerns with it, lack of use of grey water in India.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need for a hybrid water management system, where along with professionals and policymakers the individual, a community and society have definite roles in the value chain.
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