Q.2 What are the challenges in controlling Tuberculosis (TB) in India? Suggest the approach needed to be adopted to deal with the problem of TB. (15 Marks)

Mentor’s comment-
  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/tb-steep-socio-economic-cost-to-women-7823318/
  • https://www.deccanherald.com/opinion/panorama/challenges-in-dealing-with-tuberculosis-1063678.html
  • In the intro, mention that India has the highest TB burden and India’s commitment to eradicate TB by 2025.
  • In the challenges mention inadequate diagnostics and treatment; multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB); and HIV coinfection. In the approach mention a focus on strategic areas such as integrating TB in health care service delivery, creation of TB free workplace, ensuring socio-economic support to patients, awareness generation and infection control, including screening the vulnerable groups for latent TB, the transformation of societal behaviour to reduce stigma and social discrimination, productive integration of private sector.
  • Conclude by mentioning that focusing solely on Covid-19 can damage the very fragile gains we have in TB. So, we must ensure programs and care for people are not interrupted or affected.
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