Q.2) What are the improvements in the Emigration Bill 2021 over the Emigration Act 1983? Also, mention the issues with the Bill. (10 Marks)

“Mentor’s Comments”

  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/an-emigration-bill-that-does-not-go-far-enough/article35549345.ece
  • In the intro, mention the serious exploitative conditions and other issues faced by the migrant labours in various countries.
  • In the body, first mention that the 1983 Act governs the migration and improvements Emigration Bill 2021 seeks to bring such as emigration policy division, the establishment of help desk and welfare committees, pre-departure briefings etc. In the issues mention the lack of human rights framework, it allows manpower agencies to charge workers’ service fees, criminalising workers etc.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need to address these issues in the Bill and recognises the contributions of Indian workers, the unique challenges they face, and uphold the dignity and human rights of migrants
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