Q.3 Discuss the importance of agri-R&D in the context of India. Suggest the ways to help India attain supremacy in agri-R&D and innovation systems. (10 Marks)

Mentor’s comment-
  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/budgeting-for-a-well-fed-self-reliant-india-agriculture-narendra-modi-7839250/
  • In the intro, mention that India’s potential to emerge as a significant exporter of agri-produce remains untapped.
  • In the body, mention the correlation between spending on agri-R&D and agricultural growth as mentioned in the Economic Survey 2021-22. Also mention other research which shows that agri-R&D yields better return compared to return on subsidies on power and fertilisers. In the suggestions mention more allocation for ARE, involvement of the private sector, incentivising the private sector etc.
  • Conclude by mentioning that India needs to reorient its approach to agricultural self-reliance with a great focus on R&D.
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