Q.3) Rice and sugar form the major part of India’s agri-export basket. However, there are concerns over their export sustainability. What are the reasons for concerns and suggest the measure to deal with these concerns? (10 marks)

“Mentor’s Comments”

  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/how-green-are-indias-agri-exports-7368002/
  • In the intro, mention that India’s agri-export touched $41.8 billion in FY 2020-21 registering a growth of 18%.
  • In the body, mention two major concerns with the export of sugar and rice both crops are water-intensive which is one of the major problems as India faces the scarcity of water and both crops are heavily subsidised which reduces their sustainability over a long time. In the suggestions mention adoption of farming practices such as alternate wetting drying (AWD), direct-seeded rice (DSR) and micro-irrigation, crop-diversification, procurement of rice for PDS only, incentivising farmers to save water etc.
  • Conclude by mentioning the implementation of these steps to ensure sustainability.
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