Q.3) What are the national security threats posed by synthetic biology to India? What are the treaty and institutional arrangements to deal with the bio-weapons? Suggest the measures to deal with the threats posed by the bio-weapons. (10 marks)

“Mentor’s Comments”

  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/planning-for-a-biosecure-future/article34806702.ece
  • In the intro, give brief information about synthetic biology.
  • In the body, mention the threat to the security emanating from the use of biology to create the weapons of mass destruction, challenges in pinpointing the origin of such attacks, poor disease surveillance in India, open or porous borders make India more vulnerable to the threats. In the treaties mention the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) of 1972. In the suggestions mention BTWC Protocol to enhance the transparency of treaty-relevant biological facilities and activities, international measures for monitoring and verification, enhancing disease surveillance capabilities etc.
  • Conclude by mentioning that the damage caused by the Covid-19 pandemic should serve as the wake-up call to put in place the adequate measure to deal with the threat of bio-weapons

 

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