Q.4 The issues confronting humanity are multifaceted – from political conflicts and human rights abuses to pandemics and climate change. They are not contained within national borders, nor do they fit into the silos of separate government agencies or academic specialties. What is required is greater international cooperation, mutual respect, abiding by international laws and participative global decision-making. However, over the last decade, it has been observed that international relations have overshadowed these basic tenets of global governance and now we are at the verge of serious global catastrophic risks. When it comes to the structures of global governance, business as usual, is no longer an option. Not only an improvement in our understanding of risks is required but also taking responsibility to lead collective action for a coordinated global response. (a) What do you think are the factors hindering collective actions? (b) Provide a case for the moral obligation of the international community to come together and find solutions to the problems we face. (c) What should be the principles guiding such international cooperation? (20 Marks)

Mentor’s Comments-

  • Discuss the multiple challenges being faced by the global community.
  • List the factors hindering collective actions for a global response such as increasing authoritarianism, increasing protectionism, rise in international disputes, institutional inertia etc
  • Present arguments for international cooperation and global governance and suggest solutions in the context.
  • Conclude accordingly.
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