Q. 4 The transgender community has been a part of India’s social set up since the very beginning but never recognized as a reputable part of the society. ‘Hijra’ is a term traditionally used in India for transgender women who were born male. The role and value of this community in accordance with the sacred Hindu texts condenses to the performance of blessings at marriage and birth ceremonies for good fortune. With the advent of the British Raj in the 19th century, the acts of “cross-dressing” were registered as a criminal offence and if such offences were committed repeatedly, imprisonment followed. Thus, began the criminalization of hijras. Today, although legally supported and socially empowered as compared to earlier times, hijras are still subject to transphobic discrimination-associated violence, poverty, and segregation. In light of the above, answer the following: (a) Identify the challenges faced by transgenders during the different stages of their life. (b) Discuss the reasons for the continuing discrimination against transgenders in India despite several initiatives for their upliftment in recent times. (20 Marks)

Mentor’s Comments-

  • Start with the landmark SC judgement regarding transgenders.
  • Discuss various issues they face during young, adult and elderly stages of their life.
  • Discuss the reasons for the continuing discrimination against transgenders in India
  • Conclude accordingly.
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