What is ‘justice’? What are its different kinds?

Mentor’s Comment: Explain the meaning and essence of justice in your own words. Mention its importance in various fields, what it leads to etc.

Mention its type: Procedural V/s Substantive, Retributive and Reformative justice, Distributive justice etc. with some details. Bring examples if possible to strengthen your points.

Model Answer:

The concept of justice occupies centre stage both in ethics, and in legal and political philosophy. From Plato to John Rawls, everyone’s central concern has been justice. It takes on different meanings in different practical contexts.

  1. Justice has to do with how individual people are treated. It gives way to values of equality, liberty, freedom, opportunity, etc.
  2. Justice is the opposite of arbitrariness. It requires that where two cases are relevantly alike, they should be treated in the same way.

1.Procedural vs substantive

Procedural justice lays more emphasis on the procedure rather than the outcome. It says that if the procedure is correct, then whatever be its outcome, it is just. Substantive justice on the other hand is concerned with the way in which an individual evaluates important and meaningful things to produce an outcome. It is not just mere following of the procedure.

Eg. Let’s assume that there exists a law which allows frisking of people selectively on the basis of a particular religion. Now, according to the principles of procedural justice, the policeman is justified in frisking all muslims as the law permits. But according to the principles of substantive justice, selectively targeting someone on the basis of religion is unjustified. The law should require amendments.

2.Retributive and Reformative justice

Retributive justice implies punishing an action which was illegal with an aim to deter it. Reformative justice implies evolving a plan of action to reform the individual so he doesn’t involve himself in acts of crime.

3.Distributive justice

It assumes a distributing agent, and a number of persons who have claims on what is being distributed. Justice here requires that the resources available to the distributor be shared according to some relevant criterion. Various social security schemes are eg. of distributive justice.

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4 years ago

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Pritam Kumar
4 years ago
Reply to  Imgroot

Hi Imgroot
-Your introduction is okay…okay….but ans lacks multiple ideas…
-The points like…social justice, economic justice and political justice are the examples of distributive justice….so with examples some theoretical part must be mentioned…examples are like evidence of theory…
-The ideas in retributive justice and restorative justice are the same…so both are talking the same thing…it seems you don’t have multiple ideas to talk about these points…
-Overall the answer is too general…points are not arranged in well manner…ideas are scattered….
-conclusion too is poor…
You attempted well…keep practicing…will improve…
Keep writing…

4 years ago

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Pritam Kumar
4 years ago
Reply to  hiddenwarrior

Hello Hiddenwarrior…
-Intro seems to be too poor…
-Need to explain the meaning of justice in sufficient words….It seem you try to finish you points in hurry…expertise lie in writing broader ideas in few words…limited words…You need to at least explain the question in sufficient manner…
-The explanation of the points are too short…and does not cover broader ideas…
-No conclusion as well…
Overall its a very below average answer…
Keep practicing…will improve for sure…
Refer our model answer for better clarity…

4 years ago

CD TEST 20378comment imagecomment image

Pritam Kumar
4 years ago
Reply to  Invincible

Hello invincible…
-It seems there is no proper format for your answer…points are just written in random manner…without any arrangement of ideas and paragraphs….Need to work on your handwriting…
-Poor introduction….examples are of narrow context…and more of ideas are not arranged in well manner….
-Conclusion is missing…

Refer our model answer or some good answer for better clarity…