Why do farmers burn stubble, despite severe pollution? What steps can be taken to reduce stubble burning and the pollution that follows? (15 Marks)

Mentors Comments:
  • 1. Introduce with the events happening in Punjab and Haryana at present
  • 2. Give reasons on why farmers burn stubble without adopting any technologies 
  • 3. Provide alternatives to such practices
  • 4. Conclude by emphasizing the need for sustainable agriculture practices 

Answer:

Stubble burning is a post-harvest practice used to clear fields of paddy crop residue by burning them. This practice mostly carried out in Punjab, Haryana and UP contributes solely to the grave winter pollution in the national capital.  

Reasons for continuing stubble burning by farmers-

  1. Stubble burning is a common practice followed by farmers to prepare the field for sowing of wheat in November as there is little time left between the harvesting of paddy and sowing of wheat.
  2. Burning Rice straw and wheat residue is not necessary for the farmers because of the availability of technology and its higher economic value as dry fodder.
  3. Even though farmers are aware that the burning of straw is harmful to health, they do not have alternatives for utilizing them effectively.
  4. The farmers are ill-equipped to deal with waste because they cannot afford the new technology that is available to handle the waste material.
  5. Experts say that with less income due to crop damage, farmers are likely to be inclined to light up their fields to cut costs and not spend on scientific ways of stubble management.
  6. It costs Rs 1,500-3,000 per acre for stubble management, depending on the equipment and method.

Alternative solutions that can avoid Stubble Burning:

  1. The available paddy straw can be effectively used for power generation, which will go a long way towards overcoming the problem of disposal of crop residues and power deficit in the region.
  2. Suitable machinery for collection, chopping and in situ incorporation of straw is required.
  3. There is great potential for making investments in paddy straw-based power plants which can help avoid stubble burning to a large extent and also create employment opportunities.
  4. Incorporation of crop residues in the soil can improve soil moisture and help activate the growth of soil microorganisms for better plant growth.
  5. Convert the removed residues into enriched organic manure through composting.
  6. New opportunities for industrial use such as extraction of yeast protein can be explored through scientific research.
  7. The 2014 national policy envisages the adoption of technical measures, including diversified uses of crop residue, capacity building, and training along with the formulation of suitable legislation, to deal with the issue of disposing of stubble.
  8. Unless Financial assistance is to be provided by the Centre for boosting farm mechanization, it is difficult to completely stop stubble burning.
  9. States need to make alternative arrangements for the consumption of paddy straw into the soil as per the directions of the NGT.

What More Should Be Done:

  1. There is also a need to develop rice varieties that are both rich in grain yield and high in straw quality. 
  2. The use of such dual-purpose rice varieties will help to maintain food security, farm income and improve environmental sustainability.
  3. There needs to be a proactive engagement to both persuade and reassure farmers.
  4. The greater availability of machines and the zero-tolerance policy need to be seen as works in progress to derive lessons on how to refine the crop-clearing process in an ecologically sound manner.
  5. Promoting indigenous research and science, incentivizing pulses production, and rationalizing pricing more broadly. Converting crises into opportunities is the hallmark of good public policy

It is important to diagnose and address the fundamental problems that force the farmers to burn the paddy straw on the field and not utilize it for any productive purpose.

34 Comments
Oldest
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Shah Fahad
Shah Fahad
3 years ago
saran kannan
saran kannan
3 years ago

Sir,

saran kannan
saran kannan
3 years ago
Reply to  saran kannan

Ans

1573147884404118431506.jpg
amit ojha
amit ojha
3 years ago

MOJO9b04X00D25275001

HRUDAYESH ABHIRAM VEPAMANINTI
HRUDAYESH ABHIRAM VEPAMANINTI
3 years ago

Payment id : MOJ09a31D00D58068663
please review

Deepanshu Gulyani
Deepanshu Gulyani
3 years ago

MOJO9a02U00D28381180

New Doc 2019-11-08 09.06.39_1.jpg
New Doc 2019-11-08 09.06.39_2.jpg
New Doc 2019-11-08 09.06.39_3.jpg
Khus Arya
Khus Arya
3 years ago

MOJO9b02200D52463423

15732123632036495403957326596623.jpg
15732123908226743148204410522086.jpg
SANU
SANU
3 years ago

Please Review…My payment id: MOJO9a31400N58094558

AWE 3.1.jpg
AWE 3.2.jpg
Mohita Soni
Mohita Soni
3 years ago

Please review MOJO9b05300A74622986

swetha K
swetha K
3 years ago

MOJO9930Q00N64198657

15732872453435773129647173478631.jpg
15732872872205177577794001107514.jpg
Balakumaran Kand
Balakumaran Kand
3 years ago

MOJO9a31K00N58111047

pratik anand
pratik anand
3 years ago

MOJO9a31100A58098507

Paran Pabbi
Paran Pabbi
3 years ago

ID
MOJO9b01C00A90817216

IMG_20191111_091028.jpg
IMG_20191111_091033.jpg
IMG_20191111_091036_1.jpg
Divya Murugesan
Divya Murugesan
3 years ago

MOJO9b03K00A07920521

sahithya kasiraju
sahithya kasiraju
3 years ago

Payment ID:MOJO9b01O00A90839766
Please review

stub_1.jpg
stub_2.jpg
stub_3.jpg
Akankhya Behera
Akankhya Behera
3 years ago
siddhant singh parmar
siddhant singh parmar
3 years ago

MOJO9b04S00N25297271. Please review

siddhant singh parmar
siddhant singh parmar
3 years ago

MOJO9b04S00N25297271.