From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : SBM, AMRUT
Mains level : NA
The PM has launched the second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation.
What are the missions?
[A] Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0
The Mission will focus on ensuring complete access to sanitation facilities to serve additional populations migrating from rural to urban areas in search of employment and better opportunities over the next 5 years.
- Complete liquid waste management in cities in less than 1 lakh population to ensure that all wastewater is safely contained, collected, transported, and treated so that no wastewater pollutes our water bodies.
- Source segregation- Under Sustainable Solid Waste Management, greater emphasis will be on source segregation.
- Material Recovery Facilities and waste processing facilities will be set up, with a focus on phasing out single-use plastic.
- Construction & demolition waste processing facilities will be set up.
- Mechanical sweepers deployed in National Clean Air Programme cities and in cities with more than 5 lakh population.
- Remediation of all legacy dumpsites will be another key component of the Mission.
[B] AMRUT 2.0
- Water management: It will build upon the progress of AMRUT to address water needs, rejuvenate water bodies, better manage aquifers, reuse treated wastewater, thereby promoting circular economy of water.
- Water supply: It would provide100% coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 ULBs.
- Sewerage: It will provide 100% coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities.
- Rejuvenation of water bodies and urban aquifer management: It will be undertaken to augment sustainable fresh water supply.
- Recycle and reuse of treated wastewater: It is expected to cater to 20% of total water needs of the cities and 40% of industrial demand.
- Pey Jal Survekshan: It will be conducted in cities to ascertain equitable distribution of water, reuse of wastewater and mapping of water bodies.