From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Article 21
Mains level : Paper 2- Principle of non-refoulement
Significance of Manipur High Court judgement
- The High Court of Manipur on Monday allowed seven Myanmar nationals, to travel to New Delhi to seek protection from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
- “The far-reaching and myriad protection afforded by Article 21 of our Constitution, as interpreted and adumbrated by our Supreme Court time and again, would indubitably encompass the right of non-refoulement,” the court said.
What is the principle of non-refoulemennt
- Non-refoulement is the principle under international law that a person fleeing from persecution from his own country should not be forced to return.
- Though India is not a party to the UN Refugee Conventions, the court observed that the country is a party to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966.