Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: AB- Health Infrastructure Mission

Mains level: Not Much

PM has launched the Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission (AB-HIM), one of the largest pan-India schemes for strengthening healthcare infrastructure.

AB- Health Infrastructure Mission

  • AB-HIM is being rolled out as India’s largest scheme to scale up health infrastructure.
  • It is aimed at ensuring a robust public health infrastructure in both urban and rural areas, capable of responding to public health emergencies or disease outbreaks.

Key features

  • Health and Wellness Centres: In a bid to increase accessibility it will provide support to 17,788 rural HWC in 10 ‘high focus’ states and establish 11,024 urban HWC across the country.
  • Exclusive Critical Care Hospital Blocks: It will ensure access to critical care services in all districts of the country with over five lakh population through ‘Exclusive Critical Care Hospital Blocks’.
  • Integrated public health labs: will also be set up in all districts, giving people access to “a full range of diagnostic services” through a network of laboratories across the country.
  • Disease surveillance system: The mission also aims to establish an IT-enabled disease surveillance system through a network of surveillance laboratories at block, district, regional and national levels.
  • Integrated Health Information Portal: All the public health labs will be connected through this Portal, which will be expanded to all states and UTs, the PMO said.

Why is the scheme significant?

  • India has long been in need of a ubiquitous healthcare system.
  • A 2019 study has highlighted how access to public health care remained elusive to those living on the margins.
  • The study found that 70 per cent of the locations have public healthcare services.
  • However, availability was less in rural areas (65 per cent) compared to urban areas (87 per cent).
  • In 45 per cent of the surveyed locations, people could access healthcare services by walking, whereas in 43 per cent of the locations they needed to use transport.


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