Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

In news: Kiru Hydel Project


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Kiru Hydel Project

Mains level: NA

Kiru Hydel Project


  • The CBI has conducted searches at 12 locations in Delhi and Rajasthan regarding alleged corruption in the award of civil works worth ₹2,200 crore related to the Kiru hydroelectric power project.

About Kiru Hydel Project

  • Location: Situated over the Chenab River near Patharnakki and Kiru villages in Kishtwar district, Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).
  • Capacity: A 624MW run-of-river project.
  • Developers: Chenab Valley Power Projects (CVPP), a joint venture of National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC, 49%), Jammu & Kashmir State Power Development Corporation (JKSPDC, 49%), and Power Trading Corporation (PTC, 2%).
  • Beneficiary States: J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Rajasthan, Union territories of Chandigarh & Delhi.
  • The Hydropower Plant consists of :
    1. 135m-high concrete gravity dam near Kiru.
    2. Catchment area of 10,225km², with a 6.5km-long and 1.03km² reservoir.
    3. 700m-long horse-shoe shaped diversion tunnel with two openings to divert river flow for dam construction.

Back2Basics: Run-of-the-River Hydroelectric Systems

  • These systems harness energy from flowing water to generate electricity without the need for a large dam and reservoir, distinguishing them from conventional impoundment hydroelectric facilities.
  • Run-of-the-river projects utilize the natural flow of rivers, diverting a portion of the water through turbines to generate electricity.
  • This minimizes environmental impact compared to traditional dam projects.
  • They have lower ecological disruption, reduced flood risk, and faster project implementation compared to conventional hydroelectric dams.

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