New Species of Plants and Animals Discovered

India adds 664 animal species to its faunal database in 2022


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: New Species and New Records 2023

Mains level: Not Much


Central Idea

  • India’s faunal database expands with the addition of 664 animal species in 2022.
  • The database also includes 339 new plant taxa, comprising new species and distributional records.

Report- New Species and New Records 2023

  • The faunal discoveries have been compiled in a publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) titled “Animal Discoveries – New Species and New Records 2023.”

[A] Faunal Discoveries

  • Major discoveries include new species and records of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
  1. Mammals: Three new species and one new record, including two species of bats from Meghalaya.
  2. Birds: Two new records, such as the yellow-rumped flycatcher in the Andaman archipelago.
  3. Reptiles: Thirty new species and two new records.
  4. Amphibians: Six new species and one new record.
  5. Fish: Twenty-eight new species and eight new records.
  • Invertebrates constitute the majority of new faunal discoveries, with insects comprising 384 species.
  • Vertebrates account for 81 species, with fish being the most dominant group.

Notable species

  • Sela macaque (Macaca selai): A new macaque species discovered in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Macaca leucogenys: A white-cheeked macaque sighted in India for the first time.
  • Glischropus meghalayanus: A bamboo-dwelling bat species from Meghalaya.
  • Ficedula zanthopygia: The yellow-rumped flycatcher recorded in the Andaman archipelago.

Distribution of New Faunal Discoveries

The fauna diversity of the country increased to 1,03,922 species.

  • Kerala: Recorded the maximum number of new species, accounting for 14.6% of all new discoveries.
  • Karnataka: Followed with 13.2% of new species and records.
  • Tamil Nadu: Contributed 12.6% of all new discoveries and records.
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands: Accounted for about 8.4% of the discoveries.
  • West Bengal: Represented 7.6% of the new discoveries.
  • Arunachal Pradesh: Contributes 5.7% of the new discoveries.

 [B] Floral Discoveries

  • The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) published “Plant Discoveries 2022,” which includes 339 new plant taxa.
  • These discoveries consist of new species and distributional records.
  • The discoveries encompass seed plants, fungi, lichen, algae, bryophytes, microbes, and pteridophytes.
  • Seed plants comprise the majority, with dicotyledons contributing 73% and monocotyledons 27%.
  • Western Himalayas and Western Ghats are prominent regions for plant discoveries.
  • Kerala recorded the highest number of plant discoveries (57), accounting for 16.8% of all discoveries.
  • The plant discoveries include wild relatives of potential horticultural, agricultural, medicinal, and ornamental plants.

Notable Floral Discoveries

  • Nandadevia Pusalkar: A genus common in the Uttarakhand Himalayas.
  • Nilgiriella Pusalkar: An endemic genus found in the southern Western Ghats.
  • Calanthe lamellosa: An orchid species recorded for the first time in India, found in Nagaland.


  • By compiling these new discoveries and records, India continues to expand its knowledge of its faunal and floral diversity, emphasizing the importance of conservation efforts.

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