Police Reforms – SC directives, NPC, other committees reports

India Justice Report, 2020


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: India Justice Report

Mains level: State of justice delivery, law and order in India

The second edition of the Indian Justice Report (IJR) was recently launched.

Note the findings of this report. It is the only such report of its kind published in India.

India Justice Report

  • The IJR is an initiative of Tata Trusts in collaboration with Centre for Social Justice, Common Cause and Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative among others.
  • It was first published in 2019.
  • It brings together otherwise siloed statistics from authoritative government sources, on the four pillars of justice delivery – Police, Judiciary, Prisons and Legal Aid.

Major highlights of the Report

  • The report highlights stark conclusions when aggregated for an all-India picture.
  • Women comprise only 29 per cent of judges in India.
  • Two-thirds of the country’s prisoners are yet to be convicted.
  • In the last 25 years, since 1995, only 1.5 crore people have received legal aid, though 80 per cent of the country’s population is entitled to.
  • The report gives ranks Maharashtra once again at the top of the 18 large- and mid-sized states (with a population of over one crore each), followed by Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Punjab and Kerala.
  • The list of seven small states (population of less than one crore each) was topped by Tripura, followed by Sikkim and Goa.

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