From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Mission Indradhanush
Mains level : Universal vaccination
The Union Health Minister has launched the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 4.0.
About IMI 4.0
- The IMI 4.0 will have three rounds and will be conducted in 416 districts (including 75 districts identified for Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav) across 33 States and UTs, a Health Ministry statement said.
- It will immensely contribute in filling the gaps and make lasting gains towards universal immunisation.
- It will ensure that Routine Immunisation (RI) services reach the unvaccinated and partially vaccinated children and pregnant women” he said.
What is Mission Indradhanush ?
- With the aim to increase the full immunisation coverage, the PM launched Mission Indradhanush in December 2014.
- It aimed to cover the partially and unvaccinated pregnant women and children in pockets of low immunisation coverage, high-risk and hard-to-reach areas and protect them from vaccine preventable diseases.
- The first two phases of the Mission resulted in 6.7% increase in full immunisation coverage in a year.
Aims and objectives
- It aims to immunize all children under the age of 2 years, as well as all pregnant women, against eight vaccine-preventable diseases.
- The diseases being targeted are diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B.
- In 2016, four new additions have been made namely Rubella, Japanese Encephalitis, Injectable Polio Vaccine Bivalent and Rotavirus.
- In 2017, Pneumonia was added to the Mission by incorporating the Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine under Universal Immunisation Programme