Roads, Highways, Cargo, Air-Cargo and Logistics infrastructure – Bharatmala, LEEP, SetuBharatam, etc.

Logistics Ease Across Different States (LEADS) Report, 2021


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: LEADS Index

Mains level: Not Much

The Logistics Ease Across Different States (LEADS) 2021 Index Rankings has been recently released.


  • The LEADS index was launched in 2018 by the Commerce and Industry Ministry and Deloitte.
  • It ranks states on the score of their logistics services and efficiency that are indicative of economic growth.
  • States are ranked based on quality and capacity of key infrastructure such as road, rail and warehousing as well as on operational ease of logistics.

Highlights of the 2021 report

  • India’s logistics costs account for 13-14 per cent of GDP, compared to 7-8 per cent in developed countries.
  • Gujarat, Haryana and Punjab have emerged as the top performers in the LEADS 2021 index respectively.
  • West Bengal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh and Assam were ranked 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th and 21st respectively.
  • North Eastern States, and J&K and Ladakh have been considered a separate group for LEADS rankings.


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