From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : NLIP
Mains level : Adult literacy
Central idea: 22.7 lakh adults from 10 states and union territories in India became qualified as literate adults in 2022-23 by passing an assessment test conducted under New India Literacy Program (NLIP).
What is New India Literacy Program (NLIP)?
- The NLIP/ Nav Bharat Saksharta Abhiyan is aimed at providing literacy to non-literates in the age group of 15 years and above.
- The scheme is implemented for a period of five years from FYs 2022-23 to 2026-27.
- The scheme has five main components, which are as follows:
- Foundational Literacy and Numeracy,
- Critical Life Skills,
- Vocational Skills Development,
- Basic Education, and
- Continuing Education
Beneficiaries of the scheme
- The beneficiaries under the scheme are identified through a door-to-door survey on a mobile app by surveyors in the States/UTs.
- Non-literates can also avail the benefits of the scheme through direct registration from any place through a mobile app.
- The scheme is mainly based on volunteerism for teaching and learning.
- Volunteers can also register through a mobile app for this purpose.
Implementation of the scheme
- The scheme is based on technology and implemented predominantly through an online mode.
- The teaching-learning material and resources have been made available on the DIKSHA platform of NCERT and can be accessed through mobile apps.
- Furthermore, other modes like TV, Radio, Samajik Chetna Kendra, etc. are also to be used for the dissemination of Foundational Literacy and Numeracy.
- The New India Literacy Programme (NILP) is a crucial step towards making India a literate country.
- The scheme’s implementation through technology and the use of volunteers for teaching and learning will make it easier for non-literates to access education.