Primary and Secondary Education – RTE, Education Policy, SEQI, RMSA, Committee Reports, etc.

New India Literacy Program (NLIP)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: NLIP

Mains level: Adult literacy


Central idea: 22.7 lakh adults from 10 states and union territories in India became qualified as literate adults in 2022-23 by passing an assessment test conducted under New India Literacy Program (NLIP).

What is New India Literacy Program (NLIP)?

  • The NLIP/ Nav Bharat Saksharta Abhiyan is aimed at providing literacy to non-literates in the age group of 15 years and above.
  • The scheme is implemented for a period of five years from FYs 2022-23 to 2026-27.
  • The scheme has five main components, which are as follows:
  1. Foundational Literacy and Numeracy,
  2. Critical Life Skills,
  3. Vocational Skills Development,
  4. Basic Education, and
  5. Continuing Education

Beneficiaries of the scheme

  • The beneficiaries under the scheme are identified through a door-to-door survey on a mobile app by surveyors in the States/UTs.
  • Non-literates can also avail the benefits of the scheme through direct registration from any place through a mobile app.
  • The scheme is mainly based on volunteerism for teaching and learning.
  • Volunteers can also register through a mobile app for this purpose.

Implementation of the scheme

  • The scheme is based on technology and implemented predominantly through an online mode.
  • The teaching-learning material and resources have been made available on the DIKSHA platform of NCERT and can be accessed through mobile apps.
  • Furthermore, other modes like TV, Radio, Samajik Chetna Kendra, etc. are also to be used for the dissemination of Foundational Literacy and Numeracy.


  • The New India Literacy Programme (NILP) is a crucial step towards making India a literate country.
  • The scheme’s implementation through technology and the use of volunteers for teaching and learning will make it easier for non-literates to access education.


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