New Species of Plants and Animals Discovered

New species: Abelmoschus Odishae


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Wild Okra (Abelmoschus Odishae)

Mains level: NA


Central Idea

  • A scientist from the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) recently discovered a new plant species of ‘wild okra’ named ‘Abelmoschus Odishae’.

Wild Okra (Abelmoschus Odishae)

  • Its discovery occurred in a humid deciduous forest within the Banspal block of Keonjhar district, in Odisha.
  • This plant holds potential for use in hybridization to develop improved varieties with enhanced disease resistance.
  • It could significantly contribute to broadening the genetic diversity of okra.
  • Characteristics:
    1. This perennial shrub reaches up to 5 meters in height and features a densely hispid, spiny stem with backward-facing hairs.
    2. The plant is adorned with large, vibrant yellow flowers.
    3. Its seeds are nearly kidney-shaped, with short, robust, non-spiral trichomes.
    4. The seeds exhibit a high viability rate of 95 percent.

About Okra

  • Commonly referred to as gumbo or ladies’ fingers, okra is a vegetable favored in warm climates.
  • Originating from the Eastern Hemisphere’s tropics, it is now extensively grown or found naturally in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Western Hemisphere.
  • Rich in minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, and fiber, okra is a nutritious choice.
  • The vegetable is known for its mild flavor and distinctive texture, featuring a peach-like fuzz on its exterior and small, consumable seeds inside.

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