Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

Sex Ratio in India

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Sex Ratio

Mains level : Sex ratio in India

A 2018 report on “vital statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System” shows crucial data of sex ratios of major states in India.

Sex Ratio

  • Sex ratio at birth is the number of females born per thousand males.
  • Sex ratios are among the most basic of demographic parameters and provide an indication of both the relative survival of females and males and the future breeding potential of a population.

Try this PYQ

Q.Consider the following specific stages of demographic transition associated with economic development:

  1. Low birth rate with a low death rate
  2. High birth rate with a high death rate
  3. High birth rate with a low death rate

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 3, 2 and 1 only

(c) 2, 3 and 1 only

(d) 3, 2 and 1 only

Statewise data

  • Arunachal Pradesh recorded 1,084 females born per thousand males, followed by Nagaland (965) Mizoram (964), Kerala (963) and Karnataka (957).
  • The worst was reported in Manipur (757), Lakshadweep (839) and Daman & Diu (877), Punjab (896) and Gujarat (896).
  • Delhi recorded a sex ratio of 929, Haryana 914 and Jammu and Kashmir 952.
  • The number of registered births increased to 2.33 crore in 2018 from 2.21 crore registered births the previous year.
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