Parliament – Sessions, Procedures, Motions, Committees etc

Tribunals Reforms Bill, 2021


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Tribunals Reforms Bill

Mains level: Not Much

The Lok Sabha has hastily passed the Tribunals Reforms Bill, 2021 without any debate.

Highlights of the Tribunals Reforms Bill, 2021

The Bill seeks to dissolve certain existing appellate bodies and transfer their functions (such as adjudication of appeals) to other existing judicial bodies:

Transfer of functions of key appellate bodies as proposed under the Bill:


Appellate Body

Proposed Entity

The Cinematograph Act, 1952 Appellate Tribunal High Court
The Trade Marks Act, 1999 Appellate Board High Court
The Copyright Act, 1957 Appellate Board Commercial Court or the Commercial Division of a High Court*
The Customs Act, 1962 Authority for Advance Rulings High Court
The Patents Act, 1970 Appellate Board High Court
The Airports Authority of India Act, 1994 Airport Appellate Tribunal
  • Central government, for disputes arising from the disposal of properties left on airport premises by unauthorised occupants.
  • High Court, for appeals against orders of an eviction officer.
The Control of National Highways (Land and Traffic) Act, 2002 Airport Appellate Tribunal Civil Court#
The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 Appellate Board High Court


Amendments to the Finance Act, 2017:

  • The Finance Act, 2017 merged tribunals based on domain.
  • It also empowered the central government to notify rules on: (i) composition of search-cum-selection committees, (ii) qualifications of tribunal members, and (iii) their terms and conditions of service (such as their removal and salaries).
  • The Bill removes these provisions from the Finance Act, 2017.
  • Provisions on the composition of selection committees and term of office have been included in the Bill. Qualification of members and other terms and conditions of service will be notified by the central government.

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