Prime Minister’s Office : Important Updates

What are Padma Awards?

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Padma Awards

Mains level : National Honours

The central government has announced the names of Padma awardees for this year.

What are Padma awards?

  • The Padma awards are the highest civilian honor of India after the Bharat Ratna.
  • They are announced every year on the eve of Republic Day.
  • The awards are given in three categories:
  1. Padma Vibhushan (for exceptional and distinguished service)
  2. Padma Bhushan (distinguished service of higher order) and
  3. Padma Shri (distinguished service)
  • The award seeks to recognize achievements in all fields of activities or disciplines where an element of public service is involved.

Note: During the years 1978 and 1979 and 1993 to 1997, Padma awards were not announced.

Who are the awardees?

  • The awards are given in certain select categories which include Art, Social Work, Public Affairs, Science & Engineering, Trade & Industry, Medicine, Literature & Education, Civil Service and Sports.
  • Awards are also given for propagation of Indian culture, protection of human rights, wild life protection among others.

Its constitution

  • The PADMA Awards were instituted in 1954 along with Bharat Ratna.
  • At that time only Padma Vibhushan existed with three sub-categories – Pahela Varg, Dusra Varg and Tisra Varg.
  • These were subsequently renamed as Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri vide Presidential Notification issued on January 8, 1955.

Particulars of the awards

  • The awardees do not get any cash reward but a certificate signed by the President apart from a medallion which they can wear at public and government functions.
  • The awards are, however, not a conferment of title and the awardees are expected to not use them as prefix or suffix to their names.
  • A Padma awardee can be given a higher award only after five years of the conferment of the earlier award.

Terms of awarding

  • Not more than 120 awards can be given in a year but this does not include posthumous awards or awards given to NRIs and foreigners.
  • The award is normally not conferred posthumously.
  • However, in highly deserving cases, the Government could consider giving an award posthumously.

Who is eligible for Padma awards?

  • All persons without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex are eligible for these awards.
  • However, government servants including those working with PSUs, except doctors and scientists, are not eligible for these awards.
  • The award seeks to recognize works of distinction and is given for distinguished and exceptional achievements or service in all fields of activities and disciplines.
  • According to Padma awards selection criteria, the award is given for “special services” and not just for “long service”.
  • It should not be merely excellence in a particular field, but the criteria has to be ‘excellence plus’.

Who nominates the awardees?

  • Any citizen of India can nominate a potential recipient.
  • One can even nominate one’s own self. All nominations are to be done online where a form is to be filled along with details of the person or the organisation being nominated.
  • An 800-word essay detailing the work done by the potential awardee is also to be submitted for the nomination to be considered.
  • The government also writes to various state governments, governors, Union territories, central ministries and various departments to send nominations.

Who selects the awardees?

  • All nominations received for Padma awards are placed before the Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year.
  • The Padma Awards Committee is headed by the Cabinet Secretary and includes Home Secretary, Secretary to the President and four to six eminent persons as members.
  • The recommendations of the committee are submitted to the Prime Minister and the President of India for approval.
  • The antecedents of the selected awardees are verified using the services of central agencies to ensure nothing untoward has been reported or come on record about them.
  • A final list is then prepared and announced.

Is the recipient’s consent sought?

  • There is no provision for seeking a written or formal consent of the recipient before the announcement of the award.
  • However, before the announcement, every recipient receives a call from the Ministry of Home Affairs informing him or her about the selection.
  • In case the recipient expresses a desire to be excluded from the award list, the name is removed.

 

Try this question from CSP 2021

Q.Consider the following statements in respect of Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards

  1. Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards are titles under the Article 18(1) of the Constitution of India.
  2. Padma wards, which were instituted in the year 1954, were suspended only once.
  3. The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of five in a particular year.

Which of the above statements are not correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Post your answers here.
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charannk ias
charannk ias
8 months ago
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Milan Nandi
Milan Nandi
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d

ketan gharte
ketan gharte
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d

Luckee Yadav
Luckee Yadav
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D

Ashish Anand
Ashish Anand
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c

Aishwarya N A
Aishwarya N A
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A

Aishwarya N A
Aishwarya N A
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d