Indian Army Updates

What is Operation Meghdoot?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Operation Meghdoot

Mains level : Not Much

Colonel Narinder ‘Bull’ Kumar (Retd.), instrumental in the Army launching Operation Meghdoot and securing the dominating heights of Siachen Glacier in 1984 has passed away at 87.

Operation Meghdoot

  • Operation Meghdoot was the codename for the Indian Armed Forces’ operation to seize control of the Siachen Glacier in Kashmir, precipitating the Siachen conflict.
  • The Siachen then had become a bone of contention following a vague demarcation of territories in the Karachi Agreement of July 1949.
  • Executed in the morning of 13 April 1984, this military operation, launched on the highest battlefield in the world, was the first offensive of its kind.
  • The operation preempted Pakistan’s impending Operation Ababeel and was a success, resulting in Indian forces gaining control of the Siachen Glacier in its entirety.
  • Currently, the Indian Army remains the first and only army in the world to have taken tanks and other heavy ordnance up to such an altitude (well over 5,000 m or 16,000 ft).

Bull Kumar’s contributions

  • Kumar, a legendary mountaineer who had spotted Pakistani activities around the Siachen glacier in 1984 that helped India secure it subsequently.
  • He was awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, in 1965.
  • He was decorated with Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM), Kirti Chakra, and Ati Vishisht Seva Medal (AVSM).
  • The battalion headquarters on the glacier located close to an altitude of 16,000 feet is named “Kumar post” in his honor.

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