Anti Defection Law

Who is a Whip?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Whip

Mains level : Defection by politicians

The party in the opposition has appointed two members as the party’s whips in the Upper House.

Who is a Whip?

  • A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature.
  • This means ensuring that members of the party vote according to the party platform, rather than according to their own individual ideology or the will of their donors or constituents.
  • Whips are the party’s “enforcers”.
  • They try to ensure that their fellow political party legislators attend voting sessions and vote according to their party’s official policy.
  • Members who vote against party policy may “lose the whip”, effectively expelling them from the party.

Answer this PYQ:

Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection? (CSP 2017)

(a) Second Schedule

(b) Fifth Schedule

(c) Eighth Schedule

(d) Tenth Schedule


Post your answers here.
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Whips in India

  • In India, the concept of the whip was inherited from colonial British rule.
  • Every major political party appoints a whip who is responsible for the party’s discipline and behaviors on the floor of the house.
  • Usually, they direct the party members to stick to the party’s stand on certain issues and directs them to vote as per the direction of senior party members.

What happens if a whip is disobeyed?

  • A legislator may face disqualification proceedings if she/he disobeys the whip of the party unless the number of lawmakers defying the whip is 2/3rds of the party’s strength in the house.
  • Disqualification is decided by the Speaker/Chairman of the house.

Limitations of whip

  • There are some cases such as Presidential elections where whips cannot direct a Member of Parliament (MP) or Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) to vote in a particular fashion.

Types of whips

There are three types of whips or instructions issued by the party

  • One-line whip: One-line whip is issued to inform members of a party about a vote. It allows a member to abstain in case they decide not to follow the party line.
  • Two-line whip: Two-line whip is issued to direct the members to be present in the House at the time of voting.
  • Three-line whip: Three-line whip is issued to members directing them to vote as per the party line.

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Prasanth Mariyappan
2 years ago
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Tenth Schedule. 1985 52nd Amendment

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Ravishankar kumar Yadav
2 years ago
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Sehaj Singh
2 years ago


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Kusum yadav
1 year ago
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Tenth schedule


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