[Prelims Spotlight] BIMSTEC, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)

Here are  Back2Basics collections from today’s news items

B2B #1: From news – India to host first BIMSTEC war games in September

BIMSTEC

  1. The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is a regional organization comprising seven Member States lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity.
  2. This sub-regional organization came into being on 6 June 1997 through the Bangkok Declaration.
  3. The regional group constitutes a bridge between South and South East Asia and represents a reinforcement of relations among these countries.
  4. BIMSTEC has also established a platform for intra-regional cooperation between SAARC and ASEAN members.
  5. The BIMSTEC region is home to around 1.5 billion people which constitute around 22% of the global population with a combined gross domestic product (GDP) of 2.7 trillion economies

B2B #2: From news – PM’s maternity scheme benefits 23.6 lakh

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

  1. The maternity benefits under PMMVY are available to all Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) except those in regular employment with the Central Government or State Government or Public Sector Undertaking or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law.
  2. The scheme is being implemented on a 60:40 cost-sharing basis with the State governments.
  3. It is for first living child of the family as normally the first pregnancy of a woman exposes her to new kind of challenges and stress factors.
  4. The Government of India has approved Pan-India implementation of PMMVY in all districts of the country under which the eligible beneficiaries get Rs. 5,000/- under PMMVY
  5. The remaining cash incentive as per approved norms towards Maternity Benefit under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) after institutional delivery so that on an average, a woman gets Rs. 6000/-
  6. The objectives of the scheme are:
  • Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child; and
  • The cash incentives provided would lead to improved health seeking behaviour amongst the PW&LM. 
  • However, to address the problem of malnutrition and morbidity among children, the Anganwadi Services Scheme, which is universal, is available to all PW&LM including the second pregnancy.
  • Further, in order to address the malnutrition and morbidity during pregnancies a number of interventions are provided to the pregnant women viz. universal screening of pregnant women for Anaemia and Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation, Calcium supplementation in pregnancy, Deworming in pregnancy, Weight gain monitoring and Counselling on nutrition, family planning and prevention of diseases. 

Here’s a Factoid to brush up your concepts

Name : UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)

Recently in News because : Has ranked India as the world’s most disaster-prone country for displacement of residents.

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