[Prelims Spotlight] Mountain Ranges in the World

Mountain Ranges

Sr. No. Mountain Range Important/Highest Peaks Location Description
1 Rocky Mountains Mt. Elbert (highest peak in the Rockies) North America It is one of the longest fold mountains in the world and extends from Canada to Western US (New Mexico State)
2 Appalachian Mountains Mt. Mitchell, North Carolina, US (highest peak of Appalachian Mountains) North America It is a fold mountain with rich in mineral resources
3 Alps Mont Blanc (French –Italian border) Europe It is a folded mountain and source for rivers like Danube, Rhine, etc.
4 Sierra Nevada Mt. Whitney California, USA Habitat for many Red Indian tribes
5 Alaska Range Mt. McKinley North America Mt. McKinley highest peak in North America
6 Altai Mountains Belukha mountain Central Asia Young folded mountain which extends from Kazakhstan to northern China.
7 Andes Mountains Mt. Aconcagua South America Longest mountain chain in the world
8 Atlas Mountains Mt. Toubkal Northwestern Africa Young fold mountain spreading over Morocco and Tunisia.
9 Drakensberg Mountains Mt. Lesotho South Africa Young folded mountain
10. Caucasus Mountain Mt. Elbrus Europe Located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea
11. Ural Mountains Mt. Narodnaya Russia This mountain range act as a boundary between Europe and Asia.
12. Hindukush Mountains Mt. Trich Mir Pakistan and Afghanistan Folded mountain with rugged topography which makes it difficult for transportation.
13. Himalayas Mt. Everest Asia Young fold mountains in Asia which separates Indian sub-continent from Asian plains
14. Arakan Yoma Mt. Kennedy peak Myanmar It extends from north to south direction. Shifting cultivation is practised.
15. Kunlun Mountains Mt. Muztag North of Tibetan plateau and western China It is one of the young folded mountains.
16. Vosges Mt. Grand Ballon Eastern France, Europe Famous for the cultivation of grapes and manufacture of wines.
17. Great Dividing Range Mt. Kosciuszko Australia This range is the source for the rivers Darling and Murray.



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